IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Production of FT transportation fuels from biomass; technical options, process analysis and optimisation, and development potential


  • Hamelinck, Carlo N.
  • Faaij, André P.C.
  • den Uil, Herman
  • Boerrigter, Harold


Fischer–Tropsch (FT) diesel derived from biomass via gasification is an attractive clean and carbon neutral transportation fuel, directly usable in the present transport sector. System components necessary for FT diesel production from biomass are analysed and combined to a limited set of promising conversion concepts. The main variations are in gasification pressure, the oxygen or air medium, and in optimisation towards liquid fuels only, or towards the product mix of liquid fuels and electricity. The technical and economic performance is analysed. For this purpose, a dynamic model was built in Aspen Plus®, allowing for direct evaluation of the influence of each parameter or device, on investment costs, FT and electricity efficiency and resulting FT diesel costs. FT diesel produced by conventional systems on the short term and at moderate scale would probably cost 16 €/GJ. In the longer term (large scale, technological learning, and selective catalyst), this could decrease to 9 €/GJ. Biomass integrated gasification FT plants can only become economically viable when crude oil price levels rise substantially, or when the environmental benefits of green FT diesel are valued. Green FT diesel also seems 40–50% more expensive than biomass derived methanol or hydrogen, but has clear advantages with respect to applicability to the existing infrastructure and car technology.

Suggested Citation

  • Hamelinck, Carlo N. & Faaij, André P.C. & den Uil, Herman & Boerrigter, Harold, 2004. "Production of FT transportation fuels from biomass; technical options, process analysis and optimisation, and development potential," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 29(11), pages 1743-1771.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:energy:v:29:y:2004:i:11:p:1743-1771
    DOI: 10.1016/

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:energy:v:29:y:2004:i:11:p:1743-1771. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Dana Niculescu). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.