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Determinants of renewable energy growth in Sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from panel ARDL


  • da Silva, Patrícia Pereira
  • Cerqueira, Pedro André
  • Ogbe, Wojolomi


Given the importance of renewable energy in the discussion of a reliable and sustainable energy future, it is imperative to understand its main determinants and to draw result implications for energy policy. This study analyses these determinants for Sub-Saharan Africa. Using a panel data technique, namely the panel-ARDL model for a period covering 1990–2014, the results suggest that economic development (per capita GDP) and an increased use of energy aid renewable energy development while population growth impedes it. Furthermore, the study investigates the potentials and current status of renewable energy in Sub-Saharan Africa. This article shows that although the region has great potential for developing renewable energy such as wind, biomass, solar and hydropower, dispersed throughout the continent, this potential has not been fully explored, even though many resources are plentifully available, and evidence good economic potential.

Suggested Citation

  • da Silva, Patrícia Pereira & Cerqueira, Pedro André & Ogbe, Wojolomi, 2018. "Determinants of renewable energy growth in Sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from panel ARDL," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 156(C), pages 45-54.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:energy:v:156:y:2018:i:c:p:45-54
    DOI: 10.1016/

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    1. Xiaoyan Li & Hengzhou Xu, 2020. "Effect of local government decision‐making competition on carbon emissions: Evidence from China's three urban agglomerations," Business Strategy and the Environment, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 29(6), pages 2418-2431, September.
    2. Meangbua, Onicha & Dhakal, Shobhakar & Kuwornu, John K.M., 2019. "Factors influencing energy requirements and CO2 emissions of households in Thailand: A panel data analysis," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 129(C), pages 521-531.
    3. Ankrah, Isaac & Lin, Boqiang, 2020. "Renewable energy development in Ghana: Beyond potentials and commitment," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 198(C).
    4. Bissiri, M. & Moura, P. & Figueiredo, N.C. & Silva, P.P., 2020. "Towards a renewables-based future for West African States: A review of power systems planning approaches," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 134(C).
    5. Aliyu Salisu Barau & Aliyu Haidar Abubakar & Abdul-Hakim Ibrahim Kiyawa, 2020. "Not There Yet: Mapping Inhibitions to Solar Energy Utilisation by Households in African Informal Urban Neighbourhoods," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(3), pages 1-1, January.
    6. Juan José Cartelle Barros & Manuel Lara Coira & María Pilar de la Cruz López & Alfredo del Caño Gochi & Isabel Soares, 2020. "Optimisation Techniques for Managing the Project Sustainability Objective: Application to a Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(11), pages 1-1, June.
    7. Bersalli, Germán & Menanteau, Philippe & El-Methni, Jonathan, 2020. "Renewable energy policy effectiveness: A panel data analysis across Europe and Latin America," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 133(C).
    8. Mohd Shahidan Shaari & Noorazeela Zainol Abidin & Zulkefly Abdul Karim, 2020. "The Impact of Renewable Energy Consumption and Economic Growth on CO2 Emissions: New Evidence using Panel ARDL Study of Selected Countries," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 10(6), pages 617-623.
    9. Uzar, Umut, 2020. "Political economy of renewable energy: Does institutional quality make a difference in renewable energy consumption?," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 155(C), pages 591-603.
    10. Lisandra Rocha-Meneses & Oghenetejiri Frances Otor & Nemailla Bonturi & Kaja Orupõld & Timo Kikas, 2019. "Bioenergy Yields from Sequential Bioethanol and Biomethane Production: An Optimized Process Flow," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(1), pages 1-1, December.
    11. Wang, Qiang & Li, Shuyu & Pisarenko, Zhanna, 2020. "Heterogeneous effects of energy efficiency, oil price, environmental pressure, R&D investment, and policy on renewable energy -- evidence from the G20 countries," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 209(C).
    12. Dastan Bamwesigye & Petr Kupec & Georges Chekuimo & Jindrich Pavlis & Obed Asamoah & Samuel Antwi Darkwah & Petra Hlaváčková, 2020. "Charcoal and Wood Biomass Utilization in Uganda: The Socioeconomic and Environmental Dynamics and Implications," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(20), pages 1-1, October.


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