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The effects of energy co-governance in Peru


  • Fontaine, Guillaume


Soon after the launching of the Camisea Gas Project, in 2000, Peru became a medium-range Latin American gas exporting country. Our central argument is that energy governance in this country has been shifting from a "hierarchical" to a "co-governance" mode. Accordingly, interactions among the State, the society and economic actors are now regulated in a horizontal and decentralized way, rather than a vertical and centralized one. This shift contributed to the success of the Camisea gas project and had a positive effect on foreign direct investments inflow in the energy sector (1). In addition, it has helped Peru reach energetic self-sufficiency, while improving its energy balance (2). Meanwhile, energy policy has welcomed a major participation of social actors, contributing to institutionalized arrangements between the State, the companies and indigenous communities and their NGO partners (3). Two theoretical conclusions can be drawn from this study. First, the State's role remains central in energy governance, thus invalidating the "hollowing of the State" thesis. Second, the co-governance mode helps to overcome the "resource curse" thesis.

Suggested Citation

  • Fontaine, Guillaume, 2010. "The effects of energy co-governance in Peru," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(5), pages 2234-2244, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:38:y:2010:i:5:p:2234-2244

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Michael Darcy, 1999. "The Discourse of 'Community' and the Reinvention of Social Housing Policy in Australia," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 36(1), pages 13-26, January.
    2. Patsy Healey, 1999. "Sites, Jobs and Portfolios: Economic Development Discourses in the Planning System," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 36(1), pages 27-42, January.
    3. Harriet Bulkeley, 2000. "Discourse coalitions and the Australian climate change policy network," Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 18(6), pages 727-748, December.
    4. Yvonne Rydin, 1999. "Can We Talk Ourselves into Sustainability? The Role of Discourse in the Environmental Policy Process," Environmental Values, White Horse Press, vol. 8(4), pages 467-484, November.
    5. David Ockwell, 2008. "‘Opening up’ policy to reflexive appraisal: a role for Q Methodology? A case study of fire management in Cape York, Australia," Policy Sciences, Springer;Society of Policy Sciences, vol. 41(4), pages 263-292, December.
    6. Heather Lovell & Harriet Bulkeley & Susan Owens, 2009. "Converging Agendas? Energy and Climate Change Policies in the UK," Environment and Planning C, , vol. 27(1), pages 90-109, February.
    7. Harriet Bulkeley, 2000. "Discourse Coalitions and the Australian Climate Change Policy Network," Environment and Planning C, , vol. 18(6), pages 727-748, December.
    8. Heather Lovell & Harriet Bulkeley & Susan Owens, 2009. "Converging agendas? Energy and climate change policies in the UK," Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 27(1), pages 90-109, February.
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