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Effects of climate and energy policy related measures and targets on the future structure of the European energy system in 2020 and beyond


  • Blesl, Markus
  • Kober, Tom
  • Bruchof, David
  • Kuder, Ralf


Stabilising the concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere at a level of 450 ppm in order to keep global temperature increase below 2 °C requires an ambitious climate policy. This study analyses the role of different technologies in the EU-27 with regard to efficiency improvements, fuel switching and energy saving measures under such a climate policy target. The analysis is carried out using the regionalised Pan-European TIMES energy system model, a technology oriented, linear optimisation model. Thereby limited resources and import potentials of various energy carriers, competition among different sectors and the country-specific differences in energy demand are taken into account. As a result, it turns out that the structure of energy use inside the EU-27 is much stronger, influenced by political targets and positions regarding climate protection, energy security and the use of nuclear energy than by available technologies. In the case of climate protection polices and limited use of nuclear energy, the most important measures for the reduction of greenhouse gases are an increased use of renewables, carbon capture and storage, fuel switching and the intensified application of electricity in the end use sectors. Efficiency improvements play an additional role when security of supply is taken into account.

Suggested Citation

  • Blesl, Markus & Kober, Tom & Bruchof, David & Kuder, Ralf, 2010. "Effects of climate and energy policy related measures and targets on the future structure of the European energy system in 2020 and beyond," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(10), pages 6278-6292, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:38:y:2010:i:10:p:6278-6292

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    2. Andre Deppermann & Markus Blesl & Ole Boysen & Harald Grethe & David Bruchof, 2016. "Linkages between the energy and agricultural sectors: insights from European Union greenhouse gas mitigation scenarios," Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Springer, vol. 21(5), pages 743-759, June.
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    6. Stelios Grafakos & Elena Marie Enseñado & Alexandros Flamos & Jan Rotmans, 2015. "Mapping and Measuring European Local Governments’ Priorities for a Sustainable and Low-Carbon Energy Future," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(10), pages 1-26, October.
    7. Deetman, Sebastiaan & Hof, Andries F. & Pfluger, Benjamin & van Vuuren, Detlef P. & Girod, Bastien & van Ruijven, Bas J., 2013. "Deep greenhouse gas emission reductions in Europe: Exploring different options," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 152-164.
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    11. Satoshi Honma & Jin-Li Hu, 2011. "Industry-level Total-factor Energy Efficiency in Developed Countries," Discussion Papers 51, Kyushu Sangyo University, Faculty of Economics.
    12. Liobikienė, Genovaitė & Butkus, Mindaugas, 2017. "The European Union possibilities to achieve targets of Europe 2020 and Paris agreement climate policy," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 106(C), pages 298-309.
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    14. Ferreira, Joaquim & Pinheiro, Manuel, 2011. "In search of better energy performance in the Portuguese buildings—The case of the Portuguese regulation," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(12), pages 7666-7683.
    15. Rečka, L. & Ščasný, M., 2016. "Impacts of carbon pricing, brown coal availability and gas cost on Czech energy system up to 2050," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 108(C), pages 19-33.
    16. Lukáš Rečka & Milan Ščasný, 2015. "Partial equilibrium model of Czech energy sector – scenarios of future development," EcoMod2015 8510, EcoMod.
    17. Di Leo, Senatro & Cosmi, Carmelina & Ragosta, Maria, 2015. "An application of multivariate statistical techniques to partial equilibrium models outputs: The analysis of the NEEDS-TIMES Pan European model results," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 108-120.
    18. Chiodi, Alessandro & Gargiulo, Maurizio & Deane, J.P. & Lavigne, Denis & Rout, Ullash K. & Ó Gallachóir, Brian P., 2013. "Modelling the impacts of challenging 2020 non-ETS GHG emissions reduction targets on Ireland′s energy system," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 1438-1452.
    19. Börjesson Hagberg, Martin & Pettersson, Karin & Ahlgren, Erik O., 2016. "Bioenergy futures in Sweden – Modeling integration scenarios for biofuel production," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 109(C), pages 1026-1039.
    20. Janos Szlavik & Maria Csete, 2012. "Climate and Energy Policy in Hungary," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 5(2), pages 1-24, February.
    21. Deppermann, Andre & Bruchof, David & Blesl, Markus & Boysen, Ole & Grethe, Harald, 2012. "Energy from biomass: linkages between the energy and the agricultural sector in the EU until 2050," 2012 Conference, August 18-24, 2012, Foz do Iguacu, Brazil 126754, International Association of Agricultural Economists.


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