IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Design and performance of hot-oil storage tanks


  • Probert, Douglas


Because the ratio of surface area to capacity decreases with increasing volume for a particular shaped hot-oil storage tank, there is a trend towards larger tanks in order to incur only relatively small heat losses per unit capacity. The present investigation suggests, for conditions encountered in the UK, that the aspect ratio (i.e. height-to-radius) for least heat losses from bare or fully insulated hot-oil tanks should be approximately 0·4. If the cylindrical walls of the tank are to be insulated, the roof remaining bare, then the optimal aspect ratio should be appropriately greater. However, when designing a tank, the running cost is only one of several considerations--although an increasingly important one as fuel costs inflate--the capital investment in the tank and site also radically affect the choice. The economically most favourable aspect ratio, i.e. that leading to the least total financial expenditure over the lifetime of the tank, is considerably in excess of the optimal aspect ratio corresponding to minimum rate of energy loss. This maximum energy thrift or minimum financial expenditure dichotomy is now serious when neither sufficient, cheap fuel nor adequate industrial investment is available.

Suggested Citation

  • Probert, Douglas, 1975. "Design and performance of hot-oil storage tanks," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 1(4), pages 247-278, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:appene:v:1:y:1975:i:4:p:247-278

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:appene:v:1:y:1975:i:4:p:247-278. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Dana Niculescu). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.