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Políticas de promoción de exportaciones en Centroamérica

Listed author(s):
  • Willmore, Larry

Diez años atrás, los países miembros del Mercado Común Centroamericano (Costa Rica, el Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras y Nicaragua); comenzaron a abandonar la política de "desarrollo hacia adentro" que habían aplicado durante decenios. Actualmente están estimulando las exportaciones no tradicionales mediante la reducción de las barreras arancelarias, la unificación del tipo de cambio y el acceso de los exportadores a los bienes intermedios y de capital a precios internacionales. Algunos gobiernos, además, han otorgado subsidios directos en la forma de créditos tributarios por los bienes que se exportan fuera de Centroamérica. El presente artículo pasa revista a esas políticas y analiza sus efectos en las exportaciones de cada uno de los cinco países centroamericanos, y examina en especial la posibilidad de que los subsidios que se otorgan por los productos que se despachan fuera del MCCA puedan inducir a los exportadores a dar preferencia a los mercados extrarregionales en vez de los regionales.

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File URL: http://repositorio.cepal.org/handle/11362/12066
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Article provided by Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL) in its journal Revista CEPAL.

Volume (Year): (1997)
Issue (Month): (August)
Pages:

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Handle: RePEc:ecr:col070:12066
Note: Incluye Bibliografía
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