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Estimating the redistributive effects of the federal unemployment and pension insurance on the regional income distribution in Germany


  • Kerstin Bruckmeier

    () (Institute for Employment Research)

  • Barbara Schwengler

    () (Institute for Employment Research)


The reduction of income disparities between regions is a basic target of regional policy in most advanced economies. Although expenditures on social policies are substantial parts of government spending as compared with regional policies, yet little is known about their effects on regional inequalities. In this note we show how, due to large regional economic disparities, payments from social insurance reduce interregional income disparities in Germany. We focus on the effects of the national pension and unemployment insurance. The results reveal large regional redistributive effects across regions and emphasize the need for further research on the geography of the welfare system and its impact on regional economic disparities.

Suggested Citation

  • Kerstin Bruckmeier & Barbara Schwengler, 2010. "Estimating the redistributive effects of the federal unemployment and pension insurance on the regional income distribution in Germany," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 30(4), pages 2579-2586.
  • Handle: RePEc:ebl:ecbull:eb-10-00542

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Charles F. Manski, 2004. "Measuring Expectations," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 72(5), pages 1329-1376, September.
    2. Melvin Stephens, 2004. "Job Loss Expectations, Realizations, and Household Consumption Behavior," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 86(1), pages 253-269, February.
    3. Ada Ferrer-i-Carbonell & Paul Frijters, 2004. "How Important is Methodology for the estimates of the determinants of Happiness?," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 114(497), pages 641-659, July.
    4. Dickerson, Andy & Green, Francis, 2012. "Fears and realisations of employment insecurity," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 198-210.
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    More about this item


    regional income inequalities; income distribution; social insurance;

    JEL classification:

    • D3 - Microeconomics - - Distribution
    • R1 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics


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