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La industria en España y en la OCDE, 1960-2000


  • Guisan, M.Carmen


: Se presenta un panorama sectorial de la evolucion de la industria manufacturera en los paises de la OCDE durante las ultimas decadas del siglo veinte, analizando la evolucion de la produccion total, el valor añadido, la renta real, las exportaciones, las importaciones y el consumo industrial por habitante, a precios constantes, en los sectores considerados. Se dedica una atencion especial a la comparacion entre España, Alemania, USA y Japon, y se presenta un estudio econometrico que relaciona el consumo industrial con la produccion industrial. En este analisis destaca la evolucion de USA hacia un incremento del consumo industrial superior al incremento de la produccion, con importantes consecuencias sobre el saldo comercial exterior. Este articulo es complementario de otro estudio publicado por la autora en ingles en Applied Econometrics and International Development Vol.3-2. The article presents an overview of manufacturing industries in OECD countries during the last decades of the 20th century, analysing the evolution of Total Production, Value-Added, Real Income, Exports, Imports, and Industrial Consumption by inhabitant, at constant prices, in several sectors. It includes a comparative analysis of Spain, Germany, the USA and Japan, and presents some econometric models to relate industrial consumption and industrial production. It is outstanding from the analysis here performed that the USA have shown during the last years of the last century a trend to increase industrial consumption by inhabitant more than industrial production, with important consequences for foreign trade balance. This article is related with another study in English published by the author in Applied Econometrics and International Development Vol.3-2.

Suggested Citation

  • Guisan, M.Carmen, 2002. "La industria en España y en la OCDE, 1960-2000," Regional and Sectoral Economic Studies, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 2(2), pages 85-100.
  • Handle: RePEc:eaa:eerese:v:2:y2002:i:2_5

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    JEL classification:

    • C5 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling
    • C51 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Construction and Estimation
    • F1 - International Economics - - Trade
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • L6 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing
    • O51 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - U.S.; Canada
    • O52 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe


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