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Relaciones intersectoriales en Latinoamerica en el periodo 1980-99: un analisis econometrico


  • Guisan, M.Carmen
  • Aguayo, Eva
  • Exposito, Pilar


El objetivo del estudio es analizar las diferencias de desarrollo economico existentes entre los paises latinoamericanos, teniendo en cuenta su situacion en 1980 y la evolucion durante el periodo 1980-99. En el analisis econometrico se combinan datos de 22 paises y se mide el impacto de la evolucion de la agricultura y de la industria sobre el sector servicios, destacando las causas y consecuencias del debil impulso que la industria ha tenido en muchos paises durante dicho periodo. En el analisis de las diferencias de crecimiento industrial se tienen en cuenta las interrelaciones existentes entre la produccion, el comercio exterior, la educacion y otros factores sociales e institucionales, y se destacan las politicas que pueden evitar los desequilibrios economicos e impulsar el crecimiento. This paper analyses the differences in economic development among the Latin America countries, taking into account its situation in 1980 and its evolution along 1980-99. In the econometric analysis we include data for 22 American countries, including also US and Canada, in order to show the impact that the evolution in agriculture and industry has had over the services sector. In this connection, it has to be mentioned the sparse increase of industry in this period in many of the Latin American countries. In order to explain the differentials in industrial growth, we consider the inter-relationships among output, foreign trade, education and other institutional and social factors. Finally, we recommend some policies addressed to avoid economic imbalances and to foster economic growth.

Suggested Citation

  • Guisan, M.Carmen & Aguayo, Eva & Exposito, Pilar, 2002. "Relaciones intersectoriales en Latinoamerica en el periodo 1980-99: un analisis econometrico," Estudios Economicos de Desarrollo Internacional, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 2(1), pages 7-26.
  • Handle: RePEc:eaa:eedein:v:2:y2002:i:1_1

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    Cited by:

    1. Aguayo, Eva & Exposito, Pilar & Lamelas, Nelida, 2001. "Econometric model of Services Sector Development and Impact of Tourism in Latin American Countries," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 1(2).
    2. Guisan, M.Carmen & Exposito, Pilar, 2002. "Education, Industry, Trade and Development of African Countries in 1980-99," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 2(2), pages 85-107.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C5 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling
    • N66 - Economic History - - Manufacturing and Construction - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • O14 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology


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