IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Educacion y crecimiento: una perspectiva mundial 1960-99


  • Guisan, M. Carmen
  • Neira, Isabel


En este trabajo estudiamos el papel del capital humano como uno de los factores determinantes del crecimiento economico de un pais, para ello consideramos dos variables fundamentales, el nivel educativo alcanzado por la poblacion activa y el gasto en educacion como medida de la calidad de la enseñanza. Se realiza un estudio comparativo, para 118 paises, de ambas variables en el año 90, analizando a su vez los cambios experimentados desde el año 1965. Por ultimo presentamos un modelo econometrico en el que el capital humano, y en concreto la combinacion de las variables nivel educativo de la poblacion y gasto educativo, se considera junto al capital fisico, un factor condicionante del crecimiento economico del conjunto de paises analizados. In this paper we study the role of human capital as one of the key determinants in the economic growth of a country, in this connection we considered two main variables, the educational level of active population and the expenditure in education as a measure of its quality. A comparative study for 118 countries is made for both variables in year 1990, analysing the changes from 1965. Finally, we present an econometric model in which human capital, specifically a combination of the educational level of population and the educational expenditure, is considered in addition to physical capital, a conditioning factor in the economic growth of every country analysed.

Suggested Citation

  • Guisan, M. Carmen & Neira, Isabel, 2001. "Educacion y crecimiento: una perspectiva mundial 1960-99," Estudios Economicos de Desarrollo Internacional, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 1(1), pages 9-36.
  • Handle: RePEc:eaa:eedein:v:1:y2001:i:1_1

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: No

    More about this item


    World Development; Human Capital; Education in Latin America. Desarrollo Mundial; Capital Humano; Educacion en America Latina.;

    JEL classification:

    • C51 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Construction and Estimation
    • I2 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education
    • O50 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - General
    • O54 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • O57 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Comparative Studies of Countries


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eaa:eedein:v:1:y2001:i:1_1. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (M. Carmen Guisan). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.