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Budget Deficits and Other Macroeconomic Variables in India


  • Vuyyuri, S.
  • Seshaiah, S. V.



This paper tries to study the interaction of budget deficit of India with other macroeconomic variables such as Nominal effective exchange rate, GDP, Consumer Price Index and money supply (M3) giving special emphasis on the budget deficit-exchange rate relationship using Cointegration approach and Variance Error Correction Models (VECM) for the period 1970-2002. The results reveal that the variables under study are cointegrated and there is a bi-directional causality between budget deficit and nominal effective exchange rates. However, we have not observed any significant relationship between budget deficit and GDP, Money supply & consumer price index. It is also observed that the GDP Granger-causes budget deficit where as budget deficit does not.

Suggested Citation

  • Vuyyuri, S. & Seshaiah, S. V., 2004. "Budget Deficits and Other Macroeconomic Variables in India," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 4(1).
  • Handle: RePEc:eaa:aeinde:v:4:y:2004:i:1_3

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Shoora B. Paudyal Ph.D., 2014. "Determinants of Inflation in Nepal: An Empirical Assessment," NRB Economic Review, Nepal Rastra Bank, Research Department, vol. 26(2), pages 61-82, October.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E0 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General
    • E4 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates


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