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Total Factor Productivity of Crop Sector in the Indo-Gangetic Plain of India: Sustainability issues revisited

Author

Listed:
  • Praduman kumar

    (Division of Agricultural Economics, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Pusa, New Delhi-110 012, India)

  • Anjani kumar

    (National Centre for Agricultural Economics and Policy Research, Library Avenue, Pusa, New Delhi-110 012, India)

  • Surabhi Mittal

    (Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations, Core 6A, 4th Floor, India Habitat Centre, Lodhi Road, New Delhi-110 003, India)

Abstract

The paper analyses the total factor productivity (TFP) of crop sector at the district/region levels and identifies the sources of TFP growth in the Indo-Gangetic Plain. The study concludes that TFP growth is decelerating and large areas under crops in a number of districts are showing clear signs of un-sustainability. Research, extension, education, infrastructure (roads, electrification, educational institutions, health facilities, banking, etc.) have been the major sources of TFP growth in the IGP. Preventing a fall in water table will enhance TFP.

Suggested Citation

  • Praduman kumar & Anjani kumar & Surabhi Mittal, 2004. "Total Factor Productivity of Crop Sector in the Indo-Gangetic Plain of India: Sustainability issues revisited," Indian Economic Review, Department of Economics, Delhi School of Economics, vol. 39(1), pages 169-201, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:dse:indecr:v:39:y:2004:i:1:p:169-201
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Vijay Laxmi & Olaf Erenstein, 2006. "Assessing the impact of international natural resource management research: The Case of Zero Tillage in India's rice-wheat systems," Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai Working Papers 2006-010, Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai, India.
    2. Kumar, Ranjit & Singh, N.P. & Singh, R.P. & Vasisht, A.K., 2006. "Rural Infrastructure and Agricultural Growth: Interdependence and Variability in Indo-Gangetic Plains of India," Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Indian Society of Agricultural Economics, vol. 61(3).
    3. Dilip Saikia, 2014. "Total Factor Productivity In Agriculture: A Review Of Measurement Issues In The Indian Context," Romanian Journal of Regional Science, Romanian Regional Science Association, vol. 8(2), pages 45-61, DECEMBER.
    4. Laxmi, Vijay & Erenstein, Olaf & Gupta, Raj K., 2007. "Impact of Zero Tillage in India's Rice-Wheat Systems," Impact Studies 56093, CIMMYT: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center.
    5. Nabi Abudaldah & Wim Heijman & Pieter Heringa & Pierre v. Mouche, 2015. "Return Of The Icecream Men. A Discrete Hotelling Game," Romanian Journal of Regional Science, Romanian Regional Science Association, vol. 9(2), pages 39-48, DECEMBER.
    6. Bhushan, S., 2016. "TFP Growth of Wheat and Paddy in Post-Green Revolution Era in India: Parametric and Non-Parametric Analysis," Agricultural Economics Research Review, Agricultural Economics Research Association (India), vol. 29(1).
    7. Saikia, Dilip, 2009. "Total Factor Productivity in Indian Agriculture: Some Conceptual and Methodological Issues," MPRA Paper 28578, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Apr 2010.
    8. Sekar, I. & Pal, Suresh, 2012. "Rice and Wheat Crop Productivity in the Indo-Gangetic Plains of India: Changing Pattern of Growth and Future Strategies," Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Indian Society of Agricultural Economics, vol. 67(2).
    9. Alejandro Nin-Pratt & Bingxin Yu & Shenggen Fan, 2010. "Comparisons of agricultural productivity growth in China and India," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 33(3), pages 209-223, June.
    10. Kumar, Praduman & Mruthyunjaya & Chand, Ramesh, 2010. "Food Security, Research Priorities and Resource Allocation in South Asia," Agricultural Economics Research Review, Agricultural Economics Research Association (India), vol. 23(2).
    11. Paraguas, Ferdinand J. & Dey, Madan Mohan, 2006. "Aquaculture Productivity Convergence in India: A Spatial Econometric Perspective," Agricultural Economics Research Review, Agricultural Economics Research Association (India), vol. 19(2006).
    12. Kumar, Anjani & Kumar, Sant & Singh, Dhiraj Kumar & Shivjee, 2011. "Rural Employment Diversification in India: Trends, Determinants and Implications on Poverty," Agricultural Economics Research Review, Agricultural Economics Research Association (India), issue 2011.
    13. Mukesh Eswaran & Ashok Kotwal & Bharat Ramaswami & Wilima Wadhwa, 2007. "How does poverty decline? Evidence from India, 1983-1999," Indian Statistical Institute, Planning Unit, New Delhi Discussion Papers 07-05, Indian Statistical Institute, New Delhi, India.
    14. Kumar, Praduman & Joshi, P.K. & Birthal, Pratap Singh, 2009. "Demand Projections for Foodgrains in India," Agricultural Economics Research Review, Agricultural Economics Research Association (India), vol. 22(2).
    15. Kumar, Praduman & Dey, Madan Mohan & Paraguas, Ferdinand J., 2006. "Fish Supply Projections by Production Environments and Species Types in India," Agricultural Economics Research Review, Agricultural Economics Research Association (India), vol. 19(2).
    16. Thorat, V.A. & Tilekar, S.N. & Dhekale, J.S. & Patil, H.K., 2006. "Total Factor Productivity in Horticultural Crops in Konkan Region of Maharashtra," Agricultural Economics Research Review, Agricultural Economics Research Association (India), vol. 19(2006).
    17. Vijay Laxmi & Olaf Erenstein, 2006. "Assessing the Impact of International Natural Resource Management Research - The Case of Zero Tillage in India’s Rice-Wheat Systems," Microeconomics Working Papers 22398, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
    18. Asif Reza Anik & Sanzidur Rahman & Jaba Rani Sarker, 2017. "Agricultural Productivity Growth and the Role of Capital in South Asia (1980–2013)," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(3), pages 1-24, March.
    19. Kumar, Praduman & Mittal, Surabhi & Hossain, Mahabub, 2008. "Agricultural Growth Accounting and Total Factor Productivity in South Asia: A Review and Policy Implications," Agricultural Economics Research Review, Agricultural Economics Research Association (India), vol. 21(2), December.
    20. Erenstein, Olaf & Malik, R.K. & Singh, Sher, 2007. "Adoption and Impacts of Zero-Tillage in the Rice-Wheat Zone of Irrigated Haryana, India," Impact Studies 56092, CIMMYT: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center.
    21. Kumar, Anjani & Kumar, Praduman & Sharma, Alakh N., 2011. "Rural Poverty and Agricultural Growth in India: Implications for the Twelfth Five Year Plan," Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Indian Society of Agricultural Economics, vol. 66(3).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    TFP; Indo-Gangetic Plain; Crop Sector; Sustainability; Policy Implications.;

    JEL classification:

    • Q16 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - R&D; Agricultural Technology; Biofuels; Agricultural Extension Services
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy

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