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Total Factor Productivity Growth in the State Road Transport Undertakings of India: An Assessment through MPI Approach


  • Agarwal, Shivi

    () (Birla Institute of Technology & Science, Pilani, Rajasthan, India)

  • Yadav, Shiv Prasad

    (Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, Uttarakhand, India)

  • Singh, S. P.

    (Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, Uttarakhand, India)


This Paper examines the total factor productivity (TFP) growth and its components of 34 State Road Transport Undertakings (STUs) of India for the period 1989-1990 to 2000-2001 using DEA-based Malmquist Productivity Index (MPI) approach. The study finds that on average, the TFP change is -1.9% per annum over the sample time period. In order to identify the sources of TFP change, technical efficiency change (catch-up effect) and technical change (frontier shift) for each STU (over the 12-year period) are also measured. The results show that there is no significant change in technical efficiency but remarkable change in technology. Thus, the decomposed index of TFP growth shows that much of the observed regress in total productivity is explained by the negative change in technology of the STUs, over the sample period. In order to determine the effect of several background and uncontrollable variables, which cannot be included in the productivity assessment of the STUs, multiple regression analysis using fixed effect model of the panel data is conducted. The results reveal that change in Employee-Bus ratio, change in Depreciation Cost, change in Total Earnings and change in Total Cost, turn out to be the most significant variables in having impact on the change in productivity.

Suggested Citation

  • Agarwal, Shivi & Yadav, Shiv Prasad & Singh, S. P., 2009. "Total Factor Productivity Growth in the State Road Transport Undertakings of India: An Assessment through MPI Approach," Indian Economic Review, Department of Economics, Delhi School of Economics, vol. 44(2), pages 203-223.
  • Handle: RePEc:dse:indecr:0005

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    More about this item


    MPI; Productivity; DEA; Transport;

    JEL classification:

    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • C61 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Optimization Techniques; Programming Models; Dynamic Analysis
    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance
    • L91 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Transportation: General


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