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Die Auswirkungen von extremen Wetterereignissen auf die Größe von Kindern: Evidenz aus der Mongolei


  • Valeria Groppo
  • Kati Krähnert


Shocks experienced during early childhood can harm children’s growth over the long term. We examine the potential impact of extreme weather events on children’s growth, taking the example of Mongolia, which is frequently plagued by extreme winters. Our focus is on the unusually harsh winter of 2009/2010 which caused the deaths of over 10 million animals, approximately 23.9 percent of the country’s entire stock. Our analysis identifies causal effects by exploiting exogenous variation in the intensity of the shock across time and space. We find that the extreme winter of 2009/2010 considerably impaired the growth of exposed children from herding households. Exposed children are too small for their age, even three years after the event. It can be expected that the cohorts of exposed children will be smaller, poorer, and less healthy—even as adults. Schocks, die während der frühen Kindheit erlebt werden, können das Wachstum von Kindern langfristig schädigen. Wir untersuchen die möglichen Auswirkungen extremer Wetterphänomene auf das Wachstum von Kindern am Beispiel der Mongolei, die häufig von extremen Wintern heimgesucht wird. Unser Fokus liegt auf dem ungewöhnlich harten Winter von 2009/2010, der das Sterben von mehr als 10 Millionen Nutztieren verursachte, etwa 23,9 Prozent des nationalen Bestands. Unsere Analyse misst die kausale Wirkung des Schocks, indem wir exogene Variationen des Schocks in Raum und Zeit verwenden. Es zeigt sich, dass der extreme Winter von 2009/2010 das Wachstum von betroffenen Kindern aus Viehhalter- Haushalten signifikant beeinträchtigt hat. Diese Kinder sind auch drei Jahre später zu klein für ihr Alter. Es ist zu erwarten, dass die Kohorte von betroffenen Kindern auch als Erwachsene kleiner, ärmer und weniger gesund sein wird.

Suggested Citation

  • Valeria Groppo & Kati Krähnert, 2014. "Die Auswirkungen von extremen Wetterereignissen auf die Größe von Kindern: Evidenz aus der Mongolei," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 81(46), pages 1183-1189.
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwwob:81-46-1

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    anthropometrics; children; health; Mongolia; weather shocks;

    JEL classification:

    • I15 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Economic Development
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • O12 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development


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