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Das Erbe des Bürgerkrieges in Mosambik: Landbevölkerung verharrt in Armut

Author

Listed:
  • Lena Giesbert
  • Kati Schindler

Abstract

Wie bewältigen Haushalte den wirtschaftlichen Wiederaufbau nach einem Krieg? Sind einige Gruppen ländlicher Haushalte in einer Armutsfalle gefangen, während andere der Armut entfliehen können? Diese Fragen werden hier am Beispiel von Mosambik diskutiert, wo kurz nach der Unabhängigkeit im Jahr 1975 ein Bürgerkrieg entbrannte, der bis 1992 andauerte. Die Studie betrachtet den Wohlstand der ländlichen Bevölkerung, die rund zwei Drittel der Gesamtbevölkerung Mosambiks ausmacht, ein Jahrzehnt nach Ende des Bürgerkrieges. Sowohl Einkommen als auch Vermögen sind noch immer sehr gering, Armut ist weit verbreitet. Es gibt keinen Hinweis darauf, dass sich einzelne Bevölkerungsgruppen in einer "Armutsfalle" befinden. Vielmehr scheint der gesamte ländliche Agrarsektor in einer Entwicklungsfalle zu stecken. Die Aussichten auf einen verbesserten Lebensstandard in ländlichen Regionen sind insgesamt gering. Dies scheint das langfristige Erbe des Bürgerkriegs zu sein, der einerseits in großem Umfang Vermögen vernichtet hat und andererseits das Wohlstandsgefälle zwischen Stadt und Land vergrößert hat.

Suggested Citation

  • Lena Giesbert & Kati Schindler, 2011. "Das Erbe des Bürgerkrieges in Mosambik: Landbevölkerung verharrt in Armut," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 78(4), pages 6-9.
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwwob:78-4-2
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Asset-based approach; Mozambique; Poverty trap; Shocks; Violent conflict;

    JEL classification:

    • J12 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • O12 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development

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