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Staatliche Banken können schwache Bankenregulierung kompensieren

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  • Anja Shortland

Abstract

Staatliche Banken können eine wichtige Rolle bei der Sicherung der Funktionsfähigkeit von Finanzsystemen und für die gesamtwirtschaftliche Entwicklung spielen. Dies gilt offenbar vor allem dann, wenn die Bankenregulierung schwach ist und Banken nicht ausreichend überwacht werden. Die vorliegende Studie des DIW Berlin zeigt, dass staatliche Banken zu einem höheren Wirtschaftswachstum beitragen können. Dies gilt vor allem für weniger entwickelte Länder und solche mit unzureichender Finanzmarktregulierung. Staatliches Eigentum und staatliche Haftung sichern dann das aus Regulierungsdefiziten resultierende Risiko ab. Deshalb sollten Regierungen staatliche Banken nicht voreilig privatisieren. Stattdessen sollten sie sich auf die Verbesserung des regulativen Umfeldes konzentrieren, das übermäßig riskantes und kundenschädliches Verhalten der Banken verhindert.

Suggested Citation

  • Anja Shortland, 2010. "Staatliche Banken können schwache Bankenregulierung kompensieren," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 77(37), pages 11-15.
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwwob:77-37-3
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Public banks; Economic growth; Quality of governance; Regulation; Political institutions;

    JEL classification:

    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance
    • G18 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • K42 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law

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