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Unerfüllte Erwartungen bei Ägyptens junger gebildeter Generation

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  • Christine Binzel

Abstract

Bereits in den 50er Jahren begann Ägypten sein Bildungssystem auszuweiten. Folglich konnte das Land über die letzten Jahrzehnte einen erheblichen Bildungsanstieg verzeichnen. Haushaltsdaten zeigen außerdem, dass auch Kinder aus Familien mit niedrigem Bildungsstand von den Investitionen im Bildungsbereich profitierten; Benachteiligungen gibt es noch beim Zugang zum Universitätsstudium. Angesichts der zugenommenen intergenerationalen Bildungsmobilität ist erstaunlich, dass die berufliche Mobilität zwischen Vätern und Söhnen über denselben Zeitraum kaum gestiegen ist. Trotz der rapiden Zunahme von Männern mit mittlerem und hohem Bildungsabschluss ist der Anteil von nicht manuellen Tätigkeiten unverändert geblieben. Für Absolventen sind aufgrund des Einstellungsrückgangs im öffentlichen Sektor Arbeitsplätze im formellen Sektor rar geworden. Für Universitätsabsolventen deuten die Untersuchungsergebnisse sogar auf eine gesunkene berufliche Mobilität hin. Dies wird in der Literatur als einer der Gründe für die islamische Wiederbelebung und teilweise auch Radikalisierung genannt.

Suggested Citation

  • Christine Binzel, 2010. "Unerfüllte Erwartungen bei Ägyptens junger gebildeter Generation," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 77(33), pages 2-8.
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwwob:77-33-1
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Intergenerational mobility; Schooling; Labor market; Islamic revival;

    JEL classification:

    • O12 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • J62 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Job, Occupational and Intergenerational Mobility; Promotion

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