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Sektorstrukturen der FuE-Aktivitäten im internationalen Vergleich

Author

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  • Birgit Gehrke
  • Ulrich Schasse

Abstract

This article analyzes whether the decline in business investment in R&D during the crisis 2008/2009 was only a result of the general economic downturn or also affected by each country's R&D specialization. First we investigate international long-term changes in industry patterns of R&D to illustrate non-cyclical differences between Germany and important competitors. Second analysis turns towards investigating correlations between business cycle (GDP in constant prices) and the development of business R&D investments while controlling for respective R&D specialization (cutting-edge technology, advanced technology, other manufacturing, services). It follows that business R&D investments in Germany and other countries focusing on advanced technology show a relatively high cyclical response. Dieser Beitrag beschäftigt sich mit der Frage, ob die Entwicklung der FuE-Aufwendungen im Verlauf der Finanz- und Wirtschaftskrise 2008/2009 neben konjunkturellen Einflüssen auch von den jeweiligen FuE-Schwerpunkten der Länder abhängig gewesen ist. Dabei wird zunächst der Blick auf längerfristige strukturelle Verschiebungen innerhalb der sektoralen Verteilung der FuE-Aufwendungen im internationalen Vergleich gelenkt. Damit werden Unterschiede zwischen Deutschland und wichtigen Konkurrenzländern im Hinblick auf die FuE-Schwerpunktsetzung der Wirtschaft aufgezeigt, die unabhängig von kurzfristigen konjunkturellen Einflüssen sind. In einem zweiten Schritt wird der Frage nachgegangen, ob und welche Zusammenhänge sich zwischen konjunkturellen Entwicklungen (hier: Entwicklung des realen BIP im Zeitablauf) und der Entwicklung der FuE-Aufwendungen der Wirtschaft feststellen lassen, wenn für die jeweiligen FuE-Schwerpunkte (Spitzentechnik, Hochwertige Technik, Übrige Industrie, Dienstleistungen) kontrolliert wird. Dabei zeigt sich, dass die konjunkturelle Reagibilität der FuE-Aufwendungen der Unternehmen in Ländern wie Deutschland, die ihre FuE-Schwerpunkte in Hochwertigen Technologien setzen, vergleichsweise hoch ausfällt.

Suggested Citation

  • Birgit Gehrke & Ulrich Schasse, 2011. "Sektorstrukturen der FuE-Aktivitäten im internationalen Vergleich," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 80(3), pages 89-110.
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwvjh:80-3-6
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    File URL: http://ejournals.duncker-humblot.de/doi/pdf/10.3790/vjh.80.3.89
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    Cited by:

    1. Alexander S. Kritikos & Anne Konrad, 2011. "Der Forschungsstandort Deutschland nach der Krise: Editorial," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 80(3), pages 5-12.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Technological choice; path dependence; business cycle;

    JEL classification:

    • O14 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology
    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles

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