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Die Rolle Russlands im internationalen Energiemarkt

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  • Alexander Rahr

Abstract

Since early 2006, Russia has been attempting to change the rules on the international energy market to suit its own interests, with the ultimate goal of utilising its rich oil and gas reserves as an instrument to re-establish itself as a major player at the international level. The West has only little time to prepare for this new era of Russian foreign energy policy, as its dependence on imports of raw materials is increasing. Russia believes to be able to choose between serving the European and/ or the Asian market, and aims at building up a gas cartel, together with other gas exporting countries in the region. However, there is some doubt among observers about the extent to which the reserves will suffice for serving two continents at the same time with oil and gas, given an increasing national demand to be met as well. The EU is asked to continue its strategic energy partnership with Russia, but also to diversify the existing import structures. Russland versucht seit Beginn des Jahres 2006 die Spielregeln auf dem internationalen Energiemarkt zu seinen Gunsten zu verändern und seine reichhaltigen Erdgas- und Erdölreserven für eine Rückkehr als Großmacht auf internationaler Ebene zu instrumentalisieren. Der Westen hat wenig Zeit, sich auf die neue Ära der Energieaußenpolitik einzustellen, denn seine Abhängigkeiten von Rohstoffimporten werden ansteigen. Russland glaubt, künftig zwischen den europäischen und asiatischen Märkten wählen und mit anderen Exportstaaten der Region ein Gas-Kartell aufrichten zu können. Beobachter bezweifeln, ob Russland selbst über genügend Energiereserven verfügen würde, zwei Kontinente gleichzeitig mit Öl und Gas zu versorgen und die eigene wachsende Inlandsnachfrage zu befriedigen. Die EU muss einerseits die strategische Energiepartnerschaft mit Russland weiter verfolgen, andererseits die vorhandenen Importstrukturen zu diversifizieren versuchen.

Suggested Citation

  • Alexander Rahr, 2007. "Die Rolle Russlands im internationalen Energiemarkt," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 76(1), pages 26-34.
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwvjh:76-1-3
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    File URL: http://ejournals.duncker-humblot.de/doi/pdf/10.3790/vjh.76.1.26
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    Keywords

    Russia; gas market; international relations; energy foreign policy; energy geopolitics;

    JEL classification:

    • F5 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy
    • L95 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Gas Utilities; Pipelines; Water Utilities
    • Q34 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation - - - Natural Resources and Domestic and International Conflicts
    • D4 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design

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