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US regional and national cause-specific mortality and trends in income inequality: descriptive findings


  • FFF1John NNN1Lynch

    (University of Michigan)

  • FFF2George NNN2Davey Smith

    (University of Bristol)

  • FFF2Jim NNN2Dunn

    (St. Michael's Hospital)

  • FFF2Sam NNN2Harper

    (University of Michigan)

  • FFF2Nancy NNN2Ross

    (McGill University)

  • FFF2Michael NNN2Wolfson

    (University of Ottawa)


We examined the concordance of income inequality trends with 30-year US regional trends in cause-specific mortality and 100-year trends in heart disease and infant mortality. The evidence suggests that any effects of income inequality on population health trends cannot be reduced to simple processes that operate across all contexts and in all time periods. If income inequality does indeed drive population health, it implies that income inequality would have to be linked and de-linked across different time periods, with different exposures to generate the observed heterogeneous trends and levels in the causes of mortality shown here.

Suggested Citation

  • FFF1John NNN1Lynch & FFF2George NNN2Davey Smith & FFF2Jim NNN2Dunn & FFF2Sam NNN2Harper & FFF2Nancy NNN2Ross & FFF2Michael NNN2Wolfson, 2004. "US regional and national cause-specific mortality and trends in income inequality: descriptive findings," Demographic Research Special Collections, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 2(8), pages 183-228, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:dem:drspec:v:2:y:2004:i:8

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    cause-specific mortality; income; income inequality; mortality; population health; trends; United States;

    JEL classification:

    • J1 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics
    • Z0 - Other Special Topics - - General


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