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Should governments in Europe be more aggressive in pushing for gender equality to raise fertility? The second "YES"

Author

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  • Livia Sz. Oláh

    (Stockholms Universitet)

Abstract

This paper is based on my contribution to a debate, organized by MPIDR, on the question displayed in the title above. I was asked to present arguments for the "yes"-response (together with Laurent Toulemon, and arguing against the "no"-side represented by Gerda Neyer and Dimiter Philipov). As pointed out in the paper, the most important theoretical reasoning relevant for this question is the gender equity theory. A number of studies provide sound empirical support to it, as discussed in the paper in details, and thereby also a rationale for a positive impact of increased gender equality on fertility. As the dual-earner family is here to stay, and given the well-known negative consequences of long-term very low fertility for a society, pushing for gender equality seems to be a reasonable strategy to be considered aiming for sustainable societal development.

Suggested Citation

  • Livia Sz. Oláh, 2011. "Should governments in Europe be more aggressive in pushing for gender equality to raise fertility? The second "YES"," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 24(9), pages 217-224, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:dem:demres:v:24:y:2011:i:9
    as

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    File URL: http://www.demographic-research.org/volumes/vol24/9/24-9.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Chiswick, Barry R, 1978. "The Effect of Americanization on the Earnings of Foreign-born Men," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 86(5), pages 897-921, October.
    2. Adsera, Alicia & Ferrer, Ana, 2014. "Immigrants and Demography: Marriage, Divorce, and Fertility," IZA Discussion Papers 7982, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    3. Hill Kulu & Amparo González-Ferrer, 2014. "Family Dynamics Among Immigrants and Their Descendants in Europe: Current Research and Opportunities," European Journal of Population, Springer;European Association for Population Studies, vol. 30(4), pages 411-435, November.
    4. Tomáš Sobotka, 2008. "Overview Chapter 7: The rising importance of migrants for childbearing in Europe," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 19(9), pages 225-248, July.
    5. Antonio Lopez-Gay & Albert Esteve Palós & Julián López-Colás & Iñaki Permanyer Ugartemendia & Anna Turu & Sheela Kennedy & Benoît Laplante & Ron Lesthaeghe, 2014. "Towards a Geography of Unmarried Cohabitation in the Americas," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 30(59), pages 1621-1638, May.
    6. Nadja Milewski & Hill Kulu, 2014. "Mixed Marriages in Germany: A High Risk of Divorce for Immigrant-Native Couples," European Journal of Population, Springer;European Association for Population Studies, vol. 30(1), pages 89-113, February.
    7. repec:cai:poeine:pope_403_0455 is not listed on IDEAS
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    division of household work; dual-earner couples; fertility; fertility desires; gender equality; gender roles; parental leave; second births;

    JEL classification:

    • J1 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics
    • Z0 - Other Special Topics - - General

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