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Zur empirischen Prüfbarkeit des homo oeconomicus anhand der Messung der Motive ehrenamtlichen Engagements in Sportvereinen

Listed author(s):
  • Jens Flatau
  • Eike Emrich
  • Christian Pierdzioch

Assuming a utility-maximizing homo oeconomicus, utility-oriented motives for voluntary engagement should stand out among the spectrum of conceivable motives for doing volunteer work. However, because utility-oriented motives, unlike altruistic motives, are likely to be socially undesirable a systematic bias can be expected to arise in empirical research. On the basis of an online survey of volunteers in football clubs in Germany, a social-desirability bias was measured using indirect interview techniques. The results of the empirical analysis confirm the dominance of egoistic utility motives for doing volunteer work. / Unter der Annahme eines homo oeconomicus, der versucht, seinen Nutzen zu maximieren, sollten entsprechend nutzenorientierte Motive aus der Vielzahl theoretisch denkbarer Motive für ehrenamtliches Engagement dominant sein. Da diese Motive jedoch im Gegensatz zu altruistischen sozial unerwünscht sein dürften, ist mit systematischen Verzerrungen bei der empirischen Prüfung der entsprechenden Motivlagen zu rechnen. Anhand einer Onlinebefragung ehrenamtlich Engagierter in Fußballvereinen wurde daher unter Anwendung indirekter Befragungstechniken dieser Verzerrungseffekt gemessen. Die Ergebnisse der empirischen Analyse bestätigen die Bedeutung egoistischer Nutzenmotive ehrenamtlich Engagierter.

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Article provided by Duncker & Humblot, Berlin in its journal Schmollers Jahrbuch.

Volume (Year): 134 (2014)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 451-475

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Handle: RePEc:dah:aeqsjb:v134_y2014_i4_q4_p451-475
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