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La revolución eléctrica en América Latina: una reconstrucción cuantitativa del proceso de electrificación hasta 1930

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  • Tafunell, Xavier

Abstract

Latin America participated in the electric revolution which profoundly transformed the most developed Western economies between 1880 and 1930. The qualitative empirical evidence shows that Latin American electrification began with little delay compared to those economies. This article provides new quantitative evidence consisting of annual series about a reliable indicator of the degree of electrification of the Latin American nations. The database built shows that towards 1930 electricity consumption per inhabitant in Latin America was far below that of most advanced economies, and only Latin American leaders in the electrification process had reached power consumption levels similar to the European late comers. Unlike other newly industrializing economies, the region was not able to quickly incorporate new technology to overcome their backwardness.

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  • Tafunell, Xavier, 2011. "La revolución eléctrica en América Latina: una reconstrucción cuantitativa del proceso de electrificación hasta 1930," Revista de Historia Económica, Cambridge University Press, vol. 29(03), pages 327-359, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:cup:reveco:v:29:y:2011:i:03:p:327-359_00
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    Cited by:

    1. Rubio, M. del Mar & Tafunell, Xavier, 2014. "Latin American hydropower: A century of uneven evolution," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 323-334.

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