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Climbing the Higher Mountain: The Challenges of Multilevel, Multisource, and Longitudinal Research Designs


  • Kulik, Carol T.


Management researchers are being encouraged to collect multilevel, multisource, and longitudinal (MML) data. In this essay, I identify the barriers that researchers might encounter in gaining university ethics committee approval for MML designs and the challenges researchers face when conducting MML research in organizations. I offer suggestions to overcome these challenges. I further discuss some long-term consequences of MML designs for researchers' relationships with organizations and the progress of the management field as a whole.

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  • Kulik, Carol T., 2011. "Climbing the Higher Mountain: The Challenges of Multilevel, Multisource, and Longitudinal Research Designs," Management and Organization Review, Cambridge University Press, vol. 7(3), pages 447-460, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:cup:maorev:v:7:y:2011:i:03:p:447-460_00

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    1. Patrícia Lopes Costa & Ana Margarida Graça & Pedro Marques-Quinteiro & Catarina Marques Santos & António Caetano & Ana Margarida Passos, 2013. "Multilevel Research in the Field of Organizational Behavior," SAGE Open, , vol. 3(3), pages 21582440134, August.

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