IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/
MyIDEAS: Login to save this article or follow this journal

Clear and Clean: The Fixed Effects of the Liberal Peace

  • Oneal, John R.
  • Russett, Bruce
Registered author(s):

    In their article in this issue, Donald P. Green, Soo Yeon Kim, andDavid H. Yoon claim, contrary to liberal theory and extensive evidencefrom pooled time-series analyses, that neither joint democracy noreconomic interdependence significantly reduces the frequency ofmilitarized interstate disputes when dyadic fixed effects are taken intoaccount. Similarly, their fixed-effects analyses contradict theory andprevious evidence that democracies have higher levels of trade with oneanother than do other types of states. Our reexamination, however,refutes both claims and reinforces previous findings. Theirxed-effects analysis of disputes produces distorted results because theyconsider a relatively short period of time, 1951 92, in which variationis limited in the binary dependent variable and in the key independentvariables. When we analyze a longer period (1886 1992) with greatervariation in the data, the results confirm that democracy andeconomically important trade have important pacific benefits. Thedifferences between our analyses of the volume of bilateral trade andthose of Green, Kim, and Yoon primarily arise from a seemingly minormethodological decision: how to treat zero levels of trade when takingthe logarithm. A more reasonable method produces more reasonableresults: democracies have higher levels of trade than expected on purelyeconomic grounds. A fixed-effects model is seldom the best means ofanalyzing dyadic data. Indeed, our analyses illustrate the pitfalls thatcan occur in its use. Nevertheless, our findings regarding disputes andtrade provide additional confirmations of liberal theories ofinternational relations.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL: http://journals.cambridge.org/abstract_S0020818301441397
    File Function: link to article abstract page
    Download Restriction: no

    Article provided by Cambridge University Press in its journal International Organization.

    Volume (Year): 55 (2001)
    Issue (Month): 02 (March)
    Pages: 469-485

    as
    in new window

    Handle: RePEc:cup:intorg:v:55:y:2001:i:02:p:469-485_44
    Contact details of provider: Postal: Cambridge University Press, UPH, Shaftesbury Road, Cambridge CB2 8BS UK
    Web page: http://journals.cambridge.org/jid_INO
    Email:

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:cup:intorg:v:55:y:2001:i:02:p:469-485_44. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Keith Waters)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.