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Las teorías económicas del desarrollo sostenible

Author

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  • Eguzki Urteaga

    (Universidad del País Vasco, Departamento de Sociología 1 Los Apraiz, 2, 01006 Vitoria, Tel: 945 01 42 60; Fax: 945 01 33 08)

Abstract

Lanzado como un lema hace veinte años, el desarrollo sostenible se ha convertido en uno de los principales retos del siglo xxi. Presentado como la solución a todos los problemas que se plantean a la humanidad, el desarrollo sostenible aparece como un enigma: ¿Cómo es posible aumentar el bienestar de la población mundial, luchar contra las desigualdades sociales y, simultáneamente, salvaguardar la dinámica de la biosfera? ¿Conviene confiar en el capitalismo y la regulación por los precios, crear nuevas normas que enmarquen el capitalismo y, si es el caso, deben estar producidas por actores públicos o privados? La problemática del desarrollo sostenible nos conduce a preguntarnos sobre las nociones de crecimiento, desarrollo, bienestar así como sobre la pertinencia del descrecimiento, por lo menos en las regiones más prosperas del planeta.

Suggested Citation

  • Eguzki Urteaga, 2009. "Las teorías económicas del desarrollo sostenible," Cuadernos de Economía - Spanish Journal of Economics and Finance, Asociación Cuadernos de Economía, vol. 32(89), pages 113-162, Mayo-Agos.
  • Handle: RePEc:cud:journl:v:32:y:2009:i:89:p:113-162
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    Keywords

    desarrollo sostenible; medioambiente; crecimiento; planeta; teorias.;

    JEL classification:

    • A1 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics
    • B1 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - History of Economic Thought through 1925
    • B2 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - History of Economic Thought since 1925
    • N3 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy
    • N7 - Economic History - - Economic History: Transport, International and Domestic Trade, Energy, and Other Services
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation

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