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Nacimientos fuera del matrimonio en la historia de Chile: algunos hechos estilizados

Author

Listed:
  • José Díaz

    () (Instituto de Economía, Facultad de Ciencia Económicas y Administrativas, Pontificia Universida Católica de Chile)

  • Francisco A. Gallego

    () (Instituto de Economía, Facultad de Ciencia Económicas y Administrativas, Pontificia Universida Católica de Chile)

  • Jeanne Lafortune

    () (Instituto de Economía, Facultad de Ciencia Económicas y Administrativas, Pontificia Universida Católica de Chile)

Abstract

This paper presents a series of stylized facts about the historical evolution of the rate of illegitimacy in Chile, looking both at aggregate data from 1848 to the present and at department-level data for the 1862-1948 period. The main results suggest that the rate of illegitimacy and marriage are phenomena that change depending on the economic and social structure and the incentives present in different periods rather than being predetermined structural and historical situations. In particular, our results suggest that the sharp increase in the rate of illegitimacy in the period between 1880 and 1920 probably is correlated with urbanization and migration to cities (and agriculture from other sectors). This is not compensated by significant income effects until the early 1920s. In parallel, the ratio of marriages to the total population is also strongly correlated with the sex-ratio and with proxies of economic activity.

Suggested Citation

  • José Díaz & Francisco A. Gallego & Jeanne Lafortune, 2016. "Nacimientos fuera del matrimonio en la historia de Chile: algunos hechos estilizados," Estudios Públicos, Centro de Estudios Públicos, vol. 0(142), pages 37-79.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpt:journl:v::y:2016:i:142:p:37-79
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    marriage; out-of-wedlock births; illegitimate children; family economics;

    JEL classification:

    • D10 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - General
    • J12 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • N30 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy - - - General, International, or Comparative

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