Aux origines de la sociologie anglaise : le débat économique et social sur la pauvreté à l’orée du XXe siècle
This article throws light on the contribution of sociologists to the debates relating to poverty in England at the turn of the 20th century and, additionally, the role of these debates in the emergence of sociology on the political, then academic scene. It shows that if sociology was still in its embryonic stages at the time, it tended to distinguish itself from economics in its analysis of the “social question”. Indeed, sociology revealed the existence of important industrial poverty, estimating its scope through the use of the “poverty line”, and trying to establish a convincing alternative to liberal individualism and socialism. Through a close examination of the works of Seebohm Rowntree, John Hobson or Leonard Hobhouse, in particular, this article finally underlines the true specificity of British sociology, namely its fundamental contribution to the clarification of the problems of poverty.
Volume (Year): (2010)
Issue (Month): 59 ()
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