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Aux origines de la sociologie anglaise : le débat économique et social sur la pauvreté à l’orée du XXe siècle

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  • Jacques Rodriguez

Abstract

This article throws light on the contribution of sociologists to the debates relating to poverty in England at the turn of the 20th century and, additionally, the role of these debates in the emergence of sociology on the political, then academic scene. It shows that if sociology was still in its embryonic stages at the time, it tended to distinguish itself from economics in its analysis of the “social question”. Indeed, sociology revealed the existence of important industrial poverty, estimating its scope through the use of the “poverty line”, and trying to establish a convincing alternative to liberal individualism and socialism. Through a close examination of the works of Seebohm Rowntree, John Hobson or Leonard Hobhouse, in particular, this article finally underlines the true specificity of British sociology, namely its fundamental contribution to the clarification of the problems of poverty.

Suggested Citation

  • Jacques Rodriguez, 2010. "Aux origines de la sociologie anglaise : le débat économique et social sur la pauvreté à l’orée du XXe siècle," Cahiers d’économie politique / Papers in Political Economy, L'Harmattan, issue 59, pages 225-248.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpo:journl:y:2010:i:59:p:225-248
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Thierry Hommel & Olivier Godard, 2002. "Trajectoire de contestabilité sociale et production d'OGM à usage agricole," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 270(1), pages 36-49.
    2. Driessen, Peter P. J. & Glasbergen, Pieter & Verdaas, Co, 2001. "Interactive policy-making - a model of management for public works," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 128(2), pages 322-337, January.
    3. Kelvin J. Lancaster, 1966. "A New Approach to Consumer Theory," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 74, pages 132-132.
    4. Olivier Godard, 1990. "Environnement, modes de coordination et systèmes de légitimité : analyse de la catégorie de patrimoine naturel," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 41(2), pages 215-242.
    5. Jean-Charles Hourcade & Emeric Fortin, 2000. "Impact economique des politiques climatiques : des controverses aux enjeux de coordination," Economie Internationale, CEPII research center, issue 82, pages 45-74.
    6. Olivier Barreteau, 2003. "The Joint Use of Role-Playing Games and Models Regarding Negotiation Processes: Characterization of Associations," Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, vol. 6(2), pages 1-3.
    7. Claude Henry, 1984. "La microéconomie comme langage et enjeu de négociations," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 35(1), pages 177-198.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    poverty; sociology; history; England; political cconomy;

    JEL classification:

    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • N33 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy - - - Europe: Pre-1913
    • B13 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - History of Economic Thought through 1925 - - - Neoclassical through 1925 (Austrian, Marshallian, Walrasian, Wicksellian)

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