Ricardo's two monetary plans
The paper compares the two monetary plans designed by Ricardo: the Ingot Plan of 1816, centred on the convertibility of Bank of England notes in bullion, and the Plan for a National Bank of 1823, which substitutes a public bank for the Bank of England as sole institution for issuing notes. Two questions are raised: Were these two plans compatible? Why did Ricardo switch from one to the other? The answers are looked for in Ricardo's defence before the Parliament in 1822-23, when he was accused of being responsible for the deflation having followed the resumption of note payments. I suggest that Ricardo switched from one plan to the other because he was convinced that the Bank of England had torpedoed the implementation of the first. From an analytical point of view however, Ricardo's adoption of the second did not mean that he gave up his initial objective: toseparate the ways the issuing bank handled domestic monetary circulation and foreign relations. In spite of different convertibility principles, the same device is used in both plans to attain that objective; it concerns the management by the issuing bank of its metallic reserve.
Volume (Year): (2008)
Issue (Month): 55 (July - Dec)
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