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Sinergia cognitiva y pobreza

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  • William Orlando Pietro Bustos

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Abstract

El capital social es un factor de crecimiento económico y desarrollo en la medida en que las regulaciones formales e informales implícitas en la interacción social disminuyen los costos de transacción económicos asociados a la información imperfecta, la selección adversa y el riesgo moral. El presente documento realiza una aproximación empírica a la categoría conceptual de sinergia cognitiva" o "capital sinergético" propuesta por Boisier utilizando un diseño metodológico que contrasta una población de beneficiarios de programas sociales en un territorio insular y un territorio continental de la República de Colombia. Una vez se controlan los factores demográficos, tecnológicos e institucionales formales se indaga por los efectos de la formación de "sinergia cognitiva" a partir de la formación de capital social informal o cultural. Los resultados indican una mayor relevancia del capital social en la reducción de la pobreza vía mejoras en la habitabilidad de las viviendas que en relación con las posibilidades de generación de ingresos. Sin embargo, a niveles reducidos de ingresos la formación de capital social está asociada a incrementos en ingresos y a menores niveles de pobreza."******Social capital is an essential element in any growth and development social policy strategy that faces high exchange costs caused by either or both asymmetric information and moral hazard in transactional situations. Using a methodological design composed by an income -spending comparative analysis of an insular against a continental population besides of a poverty change´s probability decomposition, a local development epistemology category know as “cognitive synergy” proposed by Boisier as a measure of informal social capital is empirically approach. The research main findings show that social capital ismore correlated with lower poverty levels if they are measured by housing living conditions instead of proving new avenues for improving income levels. However, the least the income level is the more effective is social capital to reduce poverty levels measured by income levels.

Suggested Citation

  • William Orlando Pietro Bustos, 2010. "Sinergia cognitiva y pobreza," REVISTA FINANZAS Y POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, UNIVERSIDAD CATOLICA DE COLOMBIA, vol. 2(1), pages 67-102, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000443:009376
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    File URL: http://editorial.ucatolica.edu.co/ojsucatolica/revistas_ucatolica/index.php/RFYPE/article/view/545/566
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Enrique López E. & Martha Misas A., 1998. "Un examen empírico de la curva de Phillips en Colombia," Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 17(34), pages 39-87, Diciembre.
    2. Luis Eduardo Arango & Carlos Esteban Posada & Alejandro Charry, 2003. "La Participación Laboral en Colombia según la Nueva Encuesta: ¿Cambian sus determinantes?," Borradores de Economia 250, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    3. N. Gregory Mankiw, 1998. "Teaching the Principles of Economics," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 24(4), pages 519-524, Fall.
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    Cited by:

    1. Wilmer Javier Ríos Piñerez, 2014. "La participación política y la calidad institucional territorial en Colombia," REVISTA FACULTAD DE CIENCIAS ECONÓMICAS, UNIVERSIDAD MILITAR NUEVA GRANADA, vol. 0(1), pages 9-22, June.
    2. Wilmer Javier Ríos Piñerez, 2014. "La participación política y la calidad institucional territorial en Colombia," REVISTA FACULTAD DE CIENCIAS ECONÓMICAS, UNIVERSIDAD MILITAR NUEVA GRANADA, vol. 0(1), pages 9-262, June.

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    Keywords

    Economía regional; desarrollo local; pobreza.;

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