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La Reforma Laboral de 2002: ¿funcionó o no?


  • Alejandro Gaviria Uribe



Este trabajo presenta una evaluación de la Ley 789 de 2002, conocida como la reforma laboral. La evaluación no sólo tiene en cuenta la evidencia indirecta aportada por las encuestas de hogares, sino también la evidencia directa recopilada por una encuesta empresarial diseñada expresamente para medir los efectos de la reforma. El análisis muestra que i) la reforma tuvo un efecto notable sobre la contratación de aprendices y contribuyó a reducir el subempleo por insuficiencia de horas (especialmente en el sector servicios), ii) los efectos sobre la generación de empleo y sobre la formalización del empleo fueron inferiores a lo esperado, y iii) los programas de apoyo al desempleado y de estímulo a la generación de empleo no han funcionado.

Suggested Citation

  • Alejandro Gaviria Uribe, 2005. "La Reforma Laboral de 2002: ¿funcionó o no?," COYUNTURA ECONÓMICA, FEDESARROLLO, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000438:013402

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    Cited by:

    1. Carlos Medina D. & José Escobar R., 2007. "The Effects of Changes in the Legal Work Shift on Wages and Hours Worked in Colombia," COYUNTURA SOCIAL 012866, FEDESARROLLO.

    More about this item


    Reforma Laboral; Mercado de Trabajo; Costos de Despido; Generación de Empleo; Mercado Laboral; Colombia;

    JEL classification:

    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • J65 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment Insurance; Severance Pay; Plant Closings
    • J68 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Public Policy
    • O54 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Latin America; Caribbean


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