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Los conflictos alrededor del “cambio institucional†petrolero venezolano entre 1936 y 1943

Author

Listed:
  • Fabio Maldonado- Veloza

    ()

Abstract

Resumen Los ministros Néstor Luis Pérez (1936-1938) y Manuel Rafael Egaña (1938-1941 y 1949) en el gobierno de López Contreras (1936-1941) hicieron importantes contribuciones al desarrollo del marco institucional petrolero después de muerte de Gómez en diciembre de 1935. La gestión de estos ministros tuvo que enfrentar las demandas que las compañías petroleras internacionales ejercieron en bloque contra la Nación des- de 1937 a raíz de la promulgación de la Ley sobre Hidrocarburos y demás Minerales Combustibles de 1936. Con esa ley, el Estado intentó suprimir la exoneración de dere- cho de importación a las concesiones anteriores a esta. A pesar de que la Nación perdió todas las demandas entre 1938 y 1941, Pérez y Egaña lograron encontrar los mecanis- mos adecuados para compensar esas derrotas jurídicas formales. Con esos mecanismos informales, lograron promocionar los éxitos que desesperadamente necesitaba el Estado venezolano para configurar el cambio institucional que el país estaba pidiendo en cuan- to a obligar a las compañías internacionales a someterse a un régimen de impuestos no específicamente petroleros (derechos de importación). Aquí se examina ese proceso que allanó el camino para el espectacular éxito de la posterior Ley de Hidrocarburos de 1943 desde el enfoque neo institucional de Douglass North.

Suggested Citation

  • Fabio Maldonado- Veloza, 2012. "Los conflictos alrededor del “cambio institucional†petrolero venezolano entre 1936 y 1943," Revista CIFE, Universidad Santo Tomás, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000195:012363
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    File URL: http://revistas.usantotomas.edu.co/index.php/cife/article/view/1412
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    Cited by:

    1. Luz Marina Rondón de Delgado, Virginia Rondón de Medina, 2013. "Estado, planificación y cambio institucional en Venezuela (1936-1941)," Revista CIFE, Universidad Santo Tomás, December.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Neo institucionalismo; Douglass North; industria petrolera venezolana; historia económica.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • N46 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • N56 - Economic History - - Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment and Extractive Industries - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • N76 - Economic History - - Economic History: Transport, International and Domestic Trade, Energy, and Other Services - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • H87 - Public Economics - - Miscellaneous Issues - - - International Fiscal Issues; International Public Goods
    • L51 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Economics of Regulation
    • Y - Miscellaneous Categories
    • L71 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Primary Products and Construction - - - Mining, Extraction, and Refining: Hydrocarbon Fuels

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