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Colombia: Del espejismo del desarrollo a la crisis política y social

Author

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  • Francisco Thoumi

    ()

Abstract

Desde una perspectiva histórica discute la paradoja de un crecimiento sostenido y mejoras en los indicadores sociales en medio de una escalada en los niveles de violencia y corrupción, para lo cual toma como referencia los planes de desarrollo y la política económica de los últimos treinta años. en la dinámica del crecimiento económico reciente se hacen presentes factores de naturaleza institucional: la carencia dentro de la ciudadanía de un sentido de pertenencia a la Nación y a la comunidad, el desarrollo del clientelismo político, la avidez de rentas, y la creciente incapacidad del Estado para desempeñar algunas de sus funciones más fundamentales como proporcionar seguridad personal, hacer cumplir contratos, y garantizar derechos de propiedad, entre otras. De esta manera se han aumentado los costos de hacer negocios en Colombia, llevando a que se dediquen importantes recursos a proteger privadamente la propiedad y promoviendo un alto nivel de criminalidad y de violencia, con un efecto negativo significativo sobre el crecimiento económico.

Suggested Citation

  • Francisco Thoumi, 1998. "Colombia: Del espejismo del desarrollo a la crisis política y social," REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL ROSARIO, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000151:002142
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    File URL: http://revistas.urosario.edu.co/index.php/economia/article/view/943/843
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    Cited by:

    1. Carmen Lucía Bazzani C. & Manuel Bernal Garzón, 2012. "Cultivos ilícitos: una mirada desde el sistema de cuentas nacionales," REVISTA EQUIDAD Y DESARROLLO, UNIVERSIDAD DE LA SALLE, November.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Crecimiento; instituciones; legitimidad; narcotráfico;

    JEL classification:

    • A13 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Relation of Economics to Social Values
    • A14 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Sociology of Economics
    • N46 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • O17 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements
    • O21 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Planning Models; Planning Policy

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