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Colombia: Del espejismo del desarrollo a la crisis política y social

  • Francisco Thoumi

    ()

Desde una perspectiva histórica discute la paradoja de un crecimiento sostenido y mejoras en los indicadores sociales en medio de una escalada en los niveles de violencia y corrupción, para lo cual toma como referencia los planes de desarrollo y la política económica de los últimos treinta años. en la dinámica del crecimiento económico reciente se hacen presentes factores de naturaleza institucional: la carencia dentro de la ciudadanía de un sentido de pertenencia a la Nación y a la comunidad, el desarrollo del clientelismo político, la avidez de rentas, y la creciente incapacidad del Estado para desempeñar algunas de sus funciones más fundamentales como proporcionar seguridad personal, hacer cumplir contratos, y garantizar derechos de propiedad, entre otras. De esta manera se han aumentado los costos de hacer negocios en Colombia, llevando a que se dediquen importantes recursos a proteger privadamente la propiedad y promoviendo un alto nivel de criminalidad y de violencia, con un efecto negativo significativo sobre el crecimiento económico.

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File URL: http://www.urosario.edu.co/FASE1/economia/documentos/v1n1Thoumi(1998).pdf
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Article provided by UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO in its journal REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL ROSARIO.

Volume (Year): (1998)
Issue (Month): ()
Pages:

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Handle: RePEc:col:000151:002142
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