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Capital humano, redes externas e innovación en la industria colombiana


  • Iliana Páez Gabriunas



A partir de una muestra de industrias manufactureras en Colombia, se analiza la relación entre el capital humano, medido a través del nivel educativo, y los resultados de innovación, capacitación, redes e inversión de capital extranjero. Se identifican tres grupos de empresas —bajo nivel educativo, técnicas y profesionales— y se encontraron diferencias significativas entre estos grupos frente a los indicadores analizados. En general, existe una baja proporción de profesionales y técnicos en las industrias manufactureras colombianas estudiadas, aunque hay más profesionales que técnicos. El resultado principal es que los resultados de innovación, conectividad con redes externas, los esfuerzos de capacitación y las inversiones en actividades de innovación y de capital extranjero, son mayores en el conglomerado de profesionales.

Suggested Citation

  • Iliana Páez Gabriunas, 2012. "Capital humano, redes externas e innovación en la industria colombiana," ESTUDIOS GERENCIALES, UNIVERSIDAD ICESI, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000129:011327

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Gary S. Becker, 1962. "Investment in Human Capital: A Theoretical Analysis," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 70, pages 1-9.
    2. Theodore W. Schultz, 1960. "Capital Formation by Education," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 68, pages 571-571.
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    More about this item


    Innovación; capital humano; capacitación; redes; inversión extranjera.;

    JEL classification:

    • M19 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - Other
    • L60 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - General
    • L69 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - Other


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