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Trade liberalization and regional productivity growth: Some lessons from Mexico's Northern Border manufacturing after 20 years


  • Adrián de León Arias


  • Irving Joel Llamosas Rosas


The analysis of productivity performance of the Mexican Northern Border offers an interesting case study for that objective. This is because it combines mobile growth factors due to regional reallocation of economic activity and, on the other hand, the fact that factors that are considered immobile in the literature such as education, infrastructure and specialization were initially localised in Central Mexico. We show that, throughout this period, in the Northern Border the accumulation of immobile factors and the efficiency in its advantage have been determining factors in its economic growth.******En este artículo analizamos la dinámica y los determinantes del desempeño de la productividad laboral de los estados de la Frontera Norte después de 20 años de liberalización comercial de México con Estados Unidos a fin de contribuir a la identificación de los hechos estilizados de este proceso en la literatura de crecimiento económico regional. El análisis del desempeño productivo en la Frontera Norte mexicana ofrece un interesante caso para ese objetivo mientras combina los factores de crecimiento móviles debido a la reasignación de actividad económica y, por otro lado, el hecho de los factores que en la literatura se consideran relativamente inmóviles, tales como educación, infraestructura y especialización, que inicialmente se localizaban en el centro del país. Como conclusión, mostramos que a lo largo del periodo, en la Frontera Norte, la acumulación de factores relativamente inmóviles de crecimiento y la eficiencia en su aprovechamiento han sido determinantes en su crecimiento económico.

Suggested Citation

  • Adrián de León Arias & Irving Joel Llamosas Rosas, 2016. "Trade liberalization and regional productivity growth: Some lessons from Mexico's Northern Border manufacturing after 20 years," Revista ESPE - Ensayos Sobre Política Económica, Banco de la República - ESPE, vol. 34(79), pages 40-50, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000107:014431

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    Trade liberalization; Economic growth; Mexico; New economic geography; Endogenous growth models;

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence
    • O54 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • R1 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics


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