IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Foreign Debt Flows and the Credit Market: A Principal Agent Approach


  • Esteban Gómez


  • Andrés Murcia


  • Nancy Zamudio


As has been documented in different studies, there is a close relationship between capital flows and domestic credit. This relationship emerges from different channels, which are usually not directly identified. In this paper, a principal-agent approach is proposed in order to disentangle the distinct channels through which shocks on capital debt flows can affect credit-related variables. The model predicts that a foreign credit crunch will not only adversely affect aggregate credit, but will reduce the proportion of firms with access to intermediated funds. Using a comprehensive micro data set for the period comprised between 1999Q1-2012Q1 on foreign debt flows and the relevant credit-related variables, a VEC model is estimated to empirically validate the predictions from the theoretical framework. Results confirm that, in the short-run, a negative shock to foreign funds effectively reduces the proportion of firms with access to intermediated finance (both local and foreign), whilst at the same time induces a substitution of funding by firms from foreign to local sources, thus effectively having a positive effect on domestic credit growth. Nonetheless, the estimated long-run relationship indicates that capital debt flows and domestic credit growth are positively related. These results have important policy implications, related with the potential impact on credit (and access) generated by the use of certain macro prudential measures.

Suggested Citation

  • Esteban Gómez & Andrés Murcia & Nancy Zamudio, 2014. "Foreign Debt Flows and the Credit Market: A Principal Agent Approach," ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE, vol. 32(73), pages 87-103, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000107:011976

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    Other versions of this item:

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Jeffrey A. Frankel & George Saravelos, 2010. "Are Leading Indicators of Financial Crises Useful for Assessing Country Vulnerability? Evidence from the 2008-09 Global Crisis," NBER Working Papers 16047, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item


    Principal-agent model; Capital flows; Credit; VEC Models.;

    JEL classification:

    • D82 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Asymmetric and Private Information; Mechanism Design
    • E51 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers
    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:col:000107:011976. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Espe). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.