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Identifying Industry Clusters in Colombia Based on Graph Theory


  • Juan C. Duque


  • Sergio J. Rey


  • Dairo A. Gómez



This paper presents a new way to identify and understand the industry clusters in the Colombianeconomy. The analysis relies on a recent methodology proposed by Duque and Rey (2008) whereintricate input-output linkages between industries are simplified using network analysis. In addition to other techniques for cluster identification available in the literature, this novel methodology allows us not only to classify each industry in a given cluster, but also to understand how industries are related to each other within their clusters. This methodology offers a conciliatory approach to two radically different views about the economic unit from which policy makers should design their strategies for resource allocation: Porter´s cluster strategyversus Hausmann´s industrial targeting.

Suggested Citation

  • Juan C. Duque & Sergio J. Rey & Dairo A. Gómez, 2009. "Identifying Industry Clusters in Colombia Based on Graph Theory," ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE, vol. 27(59), pages 14-45, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000107:006894

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Antolin, Pablo & Bover, Olympia, 1997. "Regional Migration in Spain: The Effect of Personal Characteristics and of Unemployment, Wage and House Price Differentials Using Pooled Cross-Sections," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 59(2), pages 215-235, May.
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    Cited by:

    1. Julián VILLAMIL S & Gustavo HERNÁNDEZ, 2015. "Encadenamientos, Clústeres y Flujos de Trabajo en Economía Colombiana," ARCHIVOS DE ECONOMÍA 012649, DEPARTAMENTO NACIONAL DE PLANEACIÓN.
    2. Julián VILLAMIL S & Gustavo HERNANDEZ, 2015. "Encadenamientos, Clústeres y Flujos de Trabajo en la Economía Colombiana," ARCHIVOS DE ECONOMÍA 012647, DEPARTAMENTO NACIONAL DE PLANEACIÓN.

    More about this item


    industry clusters; graph theory; inputoutput; impact analysis.;

    JEL classification:

    • C67 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Input-Output Models
    • D57 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Input-Output Tables and Analysis
    • L22 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Organization and Market Structure


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