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Efecto del cambio en los costos de transporte por carretera sobre el crecimiento regional colombiano

  • Lina María Sánchez


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    El presente art�culo parte del supuesto de que al disminuirlos costos de transporte de una regi�n, la ventaja compara-tiva de �sta sobre las dem�s regiones mejora, lo que conllevaa la especializaci�n de las regiones y al cambio en las �reasde mercado, lo cual afecta el crecimiento regional. Con baseen lo anterior, el objetivo en el presente art�culo es determi-nar el efecto de los cambios en los costos de transporte demercanc�as por carretera sobre el crecimiento regional co-lombiano; as�, se encuentra que la disminuci�n de los costosde transporte aumenta la especializaci�n en los sectores agra-rio e industrial y que la especializaci�n agraria afecta positivamente elcrecimiento de este sector. Por el contrario, la especializaci�n industrialno tiene efecto significativo sobre el crecimiento del PIB manufacturero. Por otro lado, los costos de transporte han tenido un gran efecto tanto enel crecimiento de largo plazo del PIB per c�pita departamental como en elcrecimiento de corto plazo del PIB per c�pita de las ciudades, y la decisi�nde localizaci�n de las empresas es afectada por la cercan�a al mercadodom�stico.

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    Volume (Year): 24 (2006)
    Issue (Month): 50 (June)
    Pages: 98-153

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    Handle: RePEc:col:000107:002416
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