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Evolución y determinantes de las exportaciones industriales regionales: evidencia empírica para Colombia (1977-2002)

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  • Jorge Barrientos Marín

    ()

  • Jorge Lotero Contreras

    ()

Abstract

Este artículo examina el impacto de las variables macroeconómicas, de la productividad y de la geografía sobre las exportaciones industriales colombianas entre 1977 y 2002, usando datos de la Encuesta Nacional Manufacturera y de Comercio Exterior del DANE. El estudio se centra en las exportaciones al mundo, a Estados Unidos y a la Comunidad Andina de Naciones-CAN. La estrategia empírica incluye análisis de datos de panel cuyos resultados sugieren que para los mercados considerados, la distancia, la productividad y la protección efectiva tienen un efecto apreciable -aunque diferenciado-, sobre el comportamiento de las exportaciones industriales.

Suggested Citation

  • Jorge Barrientos Marín & Jorge Lotero Contreras, 2011. "Evolución y determinantes de las exportaciones industriales regionales: evidencia empírica para Colombia (1977-2002)," REVISTA CUADERNOS DE ECONOMÍA, UN - RCE - CID, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000093:008989
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    File URL: http://www.fce.unal.edu.co/media/files/documentos/Cuadernos/54/v30n54a02.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Miguel Urrutia & Carlos Esteban Posada & Adriana Pontón & Oscar Martínez, 2001. "Exportaciones No Tradicionales De Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 002700, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
    2. Kristian Behrens, 2011. "International Integration And Regional Inequalities: How Important Is National Infrastructure?," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 79(5), pages 952-971, September.
    3. John Luke Gallup & Jeffrey D. Sachs & Andrew D. Mellinger, 1998. "Geography and Economic Development," NBER Working Papers 6849, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Mauricio Cárdenas Santa María & Camilo García Jimeno, 2004. "El modelo gravitacional y el TLC entre Colombia y Estados Unidos," WORKING PAPERS SERIES. DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO 002527, FEDESARROLLO.
    5. Adolfo Meisel Roca & Carmen Helena Botero Arboleda, 1988. "Funciones De Oferta De Las Exportaciones Menores Colombianas," ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE, vol. 7(13), pages 5-26, June.
    6. Mauricio Cárdenas Santa María & Alejandro Gaviria Uribe & Marcela Meléndez Arjona, 2005. "La infraestructura de transporte en Colombia," INFORMES DE INVESTIGACIÓN 003034, FEDESARROLLO.
    7. Hernán Botero & Jorge Lotero, 2005. "Competitividad de las exportaciones de la industria manufacturera de Antioquia: evidencia empírica y determinantes utilizando un modelo SUR," ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE, vol. 23(49), pages 48-87, December.
    8. Lina María Sánchez, 2006. "Efecto del cambio en los costos de transporte por carretera sobre el crecimiento regional colombiano," Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 24(50), pages 98-153, Junio.
    9. José Antonio Ocampo & Leonardo Villar, 1993. "Fuentes de competitividad de las exportaciones industriales de Colombia," COYUNTURA ECONÓMICA, FEDESARROLLO, vol. 23(4), pages 137-156, December.
    10. Anthony Venables, 2001. "Geography and International Inequalities: The Impact of New Technologies," Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, Springer, vol. 1(2), pages 135-159, June.
    11. Roberts, Mark J & Tybout, James R, 1997. "The Decision to Export in Colombia: An Empirical Model of Entry with Sunk Costs," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 87(4), pages 545-564, September.
    12. Avinash Dixit, 1992. "Investment and Hysteresis," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 6(1), pages 107-132, Winter.
    13. John Luke Gallup & Jeffrey D. Sachs & Andrew D. Mellinger, 1998. "Geography and Economic Development," Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers 1856, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
    14. Henderson, Vernon, 2000. "How urban concentration affects economic growth," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2326, The World Bank.
    15. Goldstein, Morris & Khan, Mohsin S, 1978. "The Supply and Demand for Exports: A Simultaneous Approach," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 60(2), pages 275-286, May.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    exportaciones; sesgo anti-exportador; diferencias regionales; productividad; datos de panel; efectos fijos.;

    JEL classification:

    • C21 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models
    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)

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