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Efectos de la reforma estructural arancelaria en la protección efectiva arancelaria de la economía colombiana

Author

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  • Mauricio Torres

    ()

  • Germán Romero

    ()

Abstract

En 2010 el Gobierno Colombiano implementó la Reforma Estructural Arancelaria. Este artículo presenta una estimación de sus efectos en los sectores agropecuario e industrial, utilizando la Tasa de Protección Efectiva arancelaria y proponiendo un nuevo indicador sobre la conveniencia del nivel de protección. La Reforma simplificó la estructura y redujo la dispersión, pero su impacto fue menor al esperado, debido a su limitado alcance y a una gran brecha entre el arancel nominal y el aplicado. Finalmente, se muestra que persisten sectores excesivamente privilegiados, el 23 % de la economía sigue sobre-protegido, mientras un 19 % se ha visto perjudicado.

Suggested Citation

  • Mauricio Torres & Germán Romero, 2013. "Efectos de la reforma estructural arancelaria en la protección efectiva arancelaria de la economía colombiana," REVISTA CUADERNOS DE ECONOMÍA, UN - RCE - CID, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000093:010828
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    File URL: http://www.fce.unal.edu.co/media/files/documentos/Cuadernos/59/v32n59a12-u.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Mauricio SANTAMARIA SALAMANCA & Gabriel PIRAQUIVE GALEANO & Gustavo HERNANDEZ DIAZ & Norberto ROJAS DELGADILLO, 2013. "Crecimiento económico y desempleo: Retos a largo plazo," ARCHIVOS DE ECONOMÍA 011202, DEPARTAMENTO NACIONAL DE PLANEACIÓN.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Política comercial; política industrial; aranceles; protección efectiva; evaluación de política.;

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • L50 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - General
    • H21 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Efficiency; Optimal Taxation
    • O25 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Industrial Policy
    • D04 - Microeconomics - - General - - - Microeconomic Policy: Formulation; Implementation; Evaluation

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