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Mortalidad infantil en Uruguay: un análisis de supervivencia

Author

Listed:
  • Patricia Triunfo

    ()

  • R. Todd Jewell

    ()

Abstract

A partir de todos los nacimientos ocurridos en el Uruguay entre 2002 y 2003 y lasdefunciones ocurridas en el primer año de vida, se estima la tasa de mortalidad infantil através de modelos probit y hazard. Debido a que las muertes se concentran en losprimeros días y semanas de vida, el modelo hazard es preferible al probit, encontrándoseque la estimación probit sobreestima los efectos de las covariables. Los resultadosmuestran que las variables más importantes son la edad y la educación de la madre, loscuidados prenatales y los denominados predictores de la mortalidad (bajo peso al nacer,semanas de gestación y APGAR).

Suggested Citation

  • Patricia Triunfo & R. Todd Jewell, 2010. "Mortalidad infantil en Uruguay: un análisis de supervivencia," REVISTA CUADERNOS DE ECONOMÍA, UN - RCE - CID, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000093:007833
    as

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    File URL: http://www.fce.unal.edu.co/media/files/documentos/Cuadernos/53/v29n53_todd.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Christian Johnson, 2001. "Un Modelo de Switching para el Crecimiento en Chile," Latin American Journal of Economics-formerly Cuadernos de Economía, Instituto de Economía. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile., vol. 38(115), pages 291-319.
    2. Peter K. Clark, 1987. "The Cyclical Component of U. S. Economic Activity," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 102(4), pages 797-814.
    3. Clark, Peter K., 1989. "Trend reversion in real output and unemployment," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 40(1), pages 15-32, January.
    4. Perron, Pierre, 1990. "Testing for a Unit Root in a Time Series with a Changing Mean," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 8(2), pages 153-162, April.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    mortalidad infantil; salud infantil; modelos de duración; Uruguay.;

    JEL classification:

    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
    • J38 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Public Policy

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