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Croissance économique turque : aux sources des ''dix glorieuses''

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  • Deniz Ünal

Abstract

74 millions d'habitants, une puissante industrie automobile, un PIB par tête qui la place en seconde position des grands émergents derrière la Russie : il y a loin, très loin, de la Turquie d'aujourd'hui, à celle, autarcique, des débuts de la République, qui n'abritait en 1923 que 14 millions d'habitants, dont trois quarts de paysans illettrés. La plongée aux sources de sa vitalité montre que le "modèle turc" résulte d'une lente et tâtonnante construction d'un régime démocratique et d'une économie de marché tout à fait spécifiques. Aussi du pragmatisme vertueux dont a su faire preuve, sur le plan économique, le parti islamiste au pouvoir depuis dix années qui s'avèrent "Dix glorieuses" mais débouchent sur des inquiétudes.

Suggested Citation

  • Deniz Ünal, 2012. "Croissance économique turque : aux sources des ''dix glorieuses''," La Lettre du CEPII, CEPII research center, issue 326.
  • Handle: RePEc:cii:cepill:2012-326
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
    • F0 - International Economics - - General
    • H0 - Public Economics - - General
    • N12 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations - - - U.S.; Canada: 1913-
    • N14 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations - - - Europe: 1913-

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