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Similarite institutionnelle, qualite des institutions et commerce international


  • Emmanuelle Lavallee


Cet article analyse les effets des institutions sur le commerce a partir d’un echantillon de 143 pays sur la periode 1984-2002. Notre etude conclut a un impact asymetrique de la qualite des institutions des pays partenaires a l’echange sur le commerce bilateral. Elle montre qu’un pays exporte d’autant plus que ses institutions sont de bonne qualite, mais que la qualite des institutions du pays importateur influence uniquement les exportations originaires des pays du Nord. Nos estimations infirment egalement les theories du second best qui presentent la corruption comme un moyen de « huiler les rouages du commerce ». Enfin, elles invitent a explorer davantage les effets de la similarite de la nature des institutions sur le commerce.

Suggested Citation

  • Emmanuelle Lavallee, 2006. "Similarite institutionnelle, qualite des institutions et commerce international," Economie Internationale, CEPII research center, issue 108, pages 27-58.
  • Handle: RePEc:cii:cepiei:2006-4tb

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    More about this item


    Institutions; commerce; gravite; panel;

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • O17 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements
    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models


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