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Croissance endogene et reduction de la pauvrete

Author

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  • Philippe Aghion
  • Beatriz Armenda'Riz de Aghion

Abstract

Sur la base d’etudes empiriques recentes, en particulier sur l’Inde, cet article met en avant l’idee que la croissance economique est un facteur essentiel de reduction de la pauvrete, malgre le fait qu’une plus grande croissance de la productivite s’accompagne d’une augmentation des inegalites entres menages, entreprises, et regions. Partant de cette observation, nous montrons en quoi les nouvelles theories de la croissance permettent de mieux comprendre l’histoire recente des pays en developpement, en meme temps qu’elles suggerent de nouvelles politiques pour augmenter la croissance de la productivite et reduire la pauvrete. Nous concluons cet essai en discutant brievement pourquoi les economies latino-americaines n’ont pas ete a meme d’augmenter la croissance et de reduire la pauvrete a la difference des economies asiatiques qui pourtant se situaient au meme niveau developpement qu’elles dans les annees soixante.

Suggested Citation

  • Philippe Aghion & Beatriz Armenda'Riz de Aghion, 2004. "Croissance endogene et reduction de la pauvrete," Economie Internationale, CEPII research center, issue 100, pages 27-38.
  • Handle: RePEc:cii:cepiei:2004-4tb
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    File URL: http://www.cepii.fr/IE/rev100/rev100b.htm
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Michael P. Dooley & David Folkerts-Landau & Peter Garber, 2004. "The revived Bretton Woods system," International Journal of Finance & Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 9(4), pages 307-313.
    2. Eichengreen, Barry, 2004. "Chinese Currency Controversies," CEPR Discussion Papers 4375, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    3. Michael P. Dooley & David Folkerts-Landau & Peter M. Garber, 2005. "An essay on the revived Bretton Woods system," Proceedings, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.
    4. Allan H. Meltzer, 1991. "U.S. policy in the Bretton Woods era," Review, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, issue May, pages 54-83.
    5. Peter M. Garber, 1993. "The Collapse of the Bretton Woods Fixed Exchange Rate System," NBER Chapters,in: A Retrospective on the Bretton Woods System: Lessons for International Monetary Reform, pages 461-494 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Michael D. Bordo & Barry Eichengreen, 1998. "Implications of the Great Depression for the Development of the International Monetary System," NBER Chapters,in: The Defining Moment: The Great Depression and the American Economy in the Twentieth Century, pages 403-454 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Michael D. Bordo & Barry Eichengreen, 1993. "A Retrospective on the Bretton Woods System: Lessons for International Monetary Reform," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number bord93-1, January.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Pauvrete; croissance; productivite; innovation; inegalites;

    JEL classification:

    • N10 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations - - - General, International, or Comparative
    • O10 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General
    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General
    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General

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