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Integration et inegalite regionales : une relation en U inverse ?

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  • Carl Gaigne

Abstract

Les theories de la localisation et du commerce international mettent en evidence que l'integration regionale se manifeste tout d'abord par une phase de divergence et ensuite par une phase de convergence des economies. On montre que si l'on tient compte d'une baisse differenciee des couts de transport entre les secteurs industriels, alors la relation entre couts de transport et inegalites spatiales peut se modifier. En effet, si la baisse des couts de transport des biens intermediaires est plus rapide que celle des biens finals, alors la dispersion de la production industrielle peut etre favorisee. A l'inverse, si la baisse des couts de transport des biens finals est plus rapide, alors l'activite industrielle tend a se concentrer geographiquement.

Suggested Citation

  • Carl Gaigne, 2004. "Integration et inegalite regionales : une relation en U inverse ?," Economie Internationale, CEPII research center, issue 99, pages 113-131.
  • Handle: RePEc:cii:cepiei:2004-3te
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    File URL: http://www.cepii.fr/IE/rev99/rev99e.htm
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Michael P. Dooley & David Folkerts-Landau & Peter Garber, 2004. "The revived Bretton Woods system," International Journal of Finance & Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 9(4), pages 307-313.
    2. Eichengreen, Barry, 2004. "Chinese Currency Controversies," CEPR Discussion Papers 4375, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    3. Michael P. Dooley & David Folkerts-Landau & Peter M. Garber, 2005. "An essay on the revived Bretton Woods system," Proceedings, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.
    4. Allan H. Meltzer, 1991. "U.S. policy in the Bretton Woods era," Review, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, issue May, pages 54-83.
    5. Peter M. Garber, 1993. "The Collapse of the Bretton Woods Fixed Exchange Rate System," NBER Chapters,in: A Retrospective on the Bretton Woods System: Lessons for International Monetary Reform, pages 461-494 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Michael D. Bordo & Barry Eichengreen, 1998. "Implications of the Great Depression for the Development of the International Monetary System," NBER Chapters,in: The Defining Moment: The Great Depression and the American Economy in the Twentieth Century, pages 403-454 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Michael D. Bordo & Barry Eichengreen, 1993. "A Retrospective on the Bretton Woods System: Lessons for International Monetary Reform," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number bord93-1, January.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Localisation industrielle; couts relatifs de transports; economie geographique;

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)

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