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A quoi servent les politiques regionales europeennes ?

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  • Philippe Martin

Abstract

En comparaison des sommes depensees pour les politiques regionales, il est etonnant de constater la faiblesse du cadre conceptuel qui sert a les justifier. En caricaturant a peine la position de la Commission, celle-ci considere que les transferts en faveur des regions europeennes les plus pauvres leur sont benefiques, ce qui permet une reduction des inegalites regionales, celle-ci devant elle-meme etre benefique a l’Europe dans son ensemble. Cet article presente un cadre simple pour analyser ces politiques. Il part du constat que les politiques actives en faveur des regions les plus defavorisees peuvent difficilement se justifier dans un cadre conceptuel neo-classique de concurrence pure et parfaite et sans economies d’echelle, puisque le processus d'integration devrait, dans ce cadre, accelerer la convergence entre regions.

Suggested Citation

  • Philippe Martin, 2000. "A quoi servent les politiques regionales europeennes ?," Economie Internationale, CEPII research center, issue 81, pages 3-20.
  • Handle: RePEc:cii:cepiei:2000-1ta
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    File URL: http://www.cepii.fr/IE/ei.asp?issue=81
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    Cited by:

    1. Stéphane Riou, 2003. "How growth and location are sensitive to transport and telecommunication infrastructures ?," Recherches économiques de Louvain, De Boeck Université, vol. 69(3), pages 241-265.
    2. Gérard Lang, 2001. "Les évènements marquants," Bulletin de l'Observatoire des politiques économiques en Europe, Observatoire des Politiques Économiques en Europe (OPEE), vol. 4(1), pages 26-28, July.
    3. GUILLAIN, Rachel & DALL'ERBA, Sandy & LE GALLO, Julie, 2007. "Politiques de développement et croissance régionale en Europe : le rôle des rendements croissants et des dépendances spatiales," LEG - Document de travail - Economie 2007-02, LEG, Laboratoire d'Economie et de Gestion, CNRS, Université de Bourgogne.
    4. repec:ulp:buopee:v::y:2001:m:07:i:10 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy

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