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Cláusulas sociales y mercados tutelados: herramientas para la competitividad de las empresas de inserción


  • Maite Ruiz Roqueñi

    () (Universidad del País Vasco / Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea)

  • José Luis Retolaza Ávalos

    () (AURKILAN Business Ethics Institute)

  • Aitziber Mugarra Elorriaga

    () (Instituto de Estudios Cooperativos. Universidad de Deusto)


Work integration social enterprises are at a competitive disadvantage in the market due to their idiosyncratic nature. Social clauses and protected markets may provide a way of balancing this disadvantage. This article analyses the measures put in place by the Authorities to promote social and work integration processes. However, this analysis refers only to the measures that the Authorities can adopt in their role as a client or market for products or services, and to measures that are aimed particularly at work integration social enterprises: social clauses and protected markets. Both of these measures are rescaled into a single dimension labelled social clauses, quantifying their restrictive impact in the light of the problem of whether or not said clauses are used.

Suggested Citation

  • Maite Ruiz Roqueñi & José Luis Retolaza Ávalos & Aitziber Mugarra Elorriaga, 2007. "Cláusulas sociales y mercados tutelados: herramientas para la competitividad de las empresas de inserción," CIRIEC-España, revista de economía pública, social y cooperativa, CIRIEC-España, issue 59, pages 123-151, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:cic:revcir:y:2007:i:59:p:123-151

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    Work Integration Social Enterprises; Social Clauses; Protected Markets; Competitive Advantage; Social Institutional Theory; Stakeholder Theory.;

    JEL classification:

    • D41 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - Perfect Competition
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • D69 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Other
    • M31 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Marketing and Advertising - - - Marketing
    • P13 - Economic Systems - - Capitalist Systems - - - Cooperative Enterprises


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