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Kurz zum Klima: Ein Rucksack voller Kohlenstoff

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  • Jana Lippelt

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  • Janina Ketterer
  • Giovanni Ruta

Abstract

Die Frage, was Kohlenstoffemissionen verursacht, wurde in verschiedenen Studien und mit zahlreichen Berechnungsmethoden untersucht. Der vorliegende Kurzzum- Klima-Artikel widmet sich der Frage: Wer verursacht Emissionen? Diese Fragestellung kann aus zwei verschiedenen Perspektiven betrachtet werden. Zum einen können Emissionen unter Verwendung eines produktionsbasierten Ansatzes berechnet werden. Alle Emissionen eines Landes, die bei der Verbrennung fossiler Brennstoffe entstehen, werden dem jeweiligen Land zugeschlagen. Der konsumbasierte Ansatz geht vom Konsum eines Landes aus und berechnet, welche Emissionen bei der Herstellung dieser Güter und Dienstleistungen entstanden sind. Der Vergleich des produktions- und des konsumbasierten Ansatzes bietet interessante Einblicke.

Suggested Citation

  • Jana Lippelt & Janina Ketterer & Giovanni Ruta, 2011. "Kurz zum Klima: Ein Rucksack voller Kohlenstoff," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 64(07), pages 42-44, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ifosdt:v:64:y:2011:i:07:p:42-44
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Kohlenstoff Umweltbelastung Konsum Produktion;

    JEL classification:

    • Q30 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation - - - General
    • L51 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Economics of Regulation

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