IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

The unintended consequences of childcare regulation: Evidence from a regression discontinuity design


  • Eugenio Rojas

    (University of Pennsylvania)

  • Rafael Sánchez

    (Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez)

  • Mauricio G. Villena

    (Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez)


In several countries governments fund childcare provision but in many others it is privately funded as labor regulation mandates that firms have to provide childcare services. For this later case, there is no empirical evidence on the effects generated by the financial burden of childcare provision. In particular, there is no evidence on who effectively pays (firms or employees) and how (e.g., via wages and/or employment). Our hypothesis is that in imperfect labor markets, firms will transfer childcare cost on to their workers. To analyze this, we exploit a discontinuity in childcare provision mandated by Chilean labor regulation.

Suggested Citation

  • Eugenio Rojas & Rafael Sánchez & Mauricio G. Villena, 2016. "The unintended consequences of childcare regulation: Evidence from a regression discontinuity design," Journal of Applied Economics, Universidad del CEMA, vol. 19, pages 1-40, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:cem:jaecon:v:19:y:2016:n:1:p:1-40

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Online access is restricted to ScienceDirect subscribers.

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    More about this item


    childcare; labor regulation; labor tax; gender; female workers;

    JEL classification:

    • H32 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - Firm
    • J08 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - Labor Economics Policies
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • J18 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Public Policy
    • J33 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Compensation Packages; Payment Methods
    • J42 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Monopsony; Segmented Labor Markets


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:cem:jaecon:v:19:y:2016:n:1:p:1-40. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Valeria Dowding). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.