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L'émergence de l'économie entrepreneuriale


  • David Audretsch


This article explains how entrepreneurship has emerged as an engine of growth, employment generation and competitiveness in global markets and why the economic role of entrepreneurship has changed so dramatically in the past half century. The changing role of entrepreneurship reflects three views of the economy, which correspond to three historical periods, and which can roughly be called the Capital Economy (Solow), which corresponds very roughly to the early post-war era, the Knowledge Economy (Romer), which roughly corresponds to the later post-war era (the 1980s), and the Entrepreneurial Economy, which may have its roots in the mid-1970s, but really took off in the 1990s.

Suggested Citation

  • David Audretsch, 2006. "L'émergence de l'économie entrepreneuriale," Reflets et perspectives de la vie économique, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(1), pages 43-70.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:rpvedb:rpve_451_70

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    Cited by:

    1. Sophie BOUTILLIER & Dimitri UZUNIDIS, 2015. "De la société salariale à la société entrepreneuriale. Une analyse critique
      [From the salarial to the entrepreneurial society: A critical analysis]
      ," Working Papers 16, Réseau de Recherche sur l’Innovation. / Research Network on Innovation.
    2. Sophie BOUTILLIER, 2013. "La création de petites entreprises dans l’agglomération dunkerquois (Nord de France) : le cheminement difficile de la société salariale à la société entrepreneuriale BUSINESS CREATION IN DUNKIRK (NORT," Working Papers 265, Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation.
    3. Sophie BOUTILLIER & Dimitri UZUNIDIS, 2012. "De la société des entrepreneurs à la société entrepreneuriale. Essai sur l’analyse de la fonction de l’entrepreneur dans la dynamique économique FROM THE SOCIETY OF ENTREPRENEURS TO THE ENTREPRENEURIA," Working Papers 247, Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation.


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